Articles on this Page
- 12/09/18--02:51: _Burke on SBL 2018
- 12/09/18--03:04: _Clement's chronolog...
- 12/09/18--03:04: _Recap of Polemic in...
- 12/09/18--03:13: _van der Toorn, God ...
- 12/09/18--05:37: _Weekend Roundup, Pa...
- 12/09/18--06:18: _Open Access Journal...
- 12/09/18--06:34: _--none--
- 12/09/18--09:46: _MESOLITHIC GERMANS ...
- 12/09/18--09:53: _ANCIENT STONEHENGE ...
- 12/09/18--10:01: _HAMILTON TAX RECORD...
- 12/09/18--10:12: _ITALIAN COURT RULES...
- 12/09/18--14:13: _Le musée archéologi...
- 12/09/18--16:00: _Φώτης Κόντογλου. Νέ...
- 12/09/18--21:01: _Doctor Who: The Bat...
- 12/09/18--21:59: _Paul the Paraphrase...
- 12/09/18--22:27: _The Roman Army A to...
- 12/09/18--22:29: _The Roman Army A to...
- 12/09/18--22:32: _The Roman Army A to...
- 12/06/18--02:00: _Wintertime Arctic s...
- 12/06/18--03:00: _Parrot genome analy...
- 12/09/18--02:51: Burke on SBL 2018
- 12/09/18--03:04: Clement's chronology of antiquity
- 12/09/18--03:04: Recap of Polemic in Late Antiquity Session at #SBLAAR18
- 12/09/18--03:13: van der Toorn, God in Context
- 12/09/18--05:37: Weekend Roundup, Part 2
- 12/09/18--06:18: Open Access Journal: Journal of the Text Encoding Initiative
- 12/09/18--06:34: --none--
- 12/09/18--09:46: MESOLITHIC GERMANS WERE COOKING LIKE MODERN HUMANS
- 12/09/18--09:53: ANCIENT STONEHENGE PLATFORM DAMAGED DURING TUNNEL WORK
- 12/09/18--10:01: HAMILTON TAX RECORDS GETS NE W HOME IN PHILADELPHIA
- 12/09/18--10:12: ITALIAN COURT RULES GETTY MUST RETURN A PRIZED BRONZE
- 12/09/18--14:13: Le musée archéologique de Tiraspol
- 12/09/18--16:00: Φώτης Κόντογλου. Νέες προσεγγίσεις του έργου του
- 12/09/18--21:01: Doctor Who: The Battle of Ranskoor av Kolos
- 12/09/18--21:59: Paul the Paraphraser or Paul the Septuagint-Quoter?
- 12/09/18--22:27: The Roman Army A to Z: vexillatio
- 12/09/18--22:29: The Roman Army A to Z: vexillifer
- 12/09/18--22:32: The Roman Army A to Z: vexillum
- 12/06/18--02:00: Wintertime Arctic sea ice growth slows long-term decline
- 12/06/18--03:00: Parrot genome analysis reveals insights into longevity, cognition
<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/7zqMJtiEKMg" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>
<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/Pb0wYw49dzs" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>
This Traditions of Eastern Late Antiquity session felt like it had less of a unifying thread running through it for some reason, despite the clear theme, which is ironic, given that the Digital Humanities cosponsored section had papers focused on cuneiform, Mandaic, Syriac, and Ethiopic text projects! Perhaps this was because the ways that Christians […]
<img src="http://feeds.feedburner.com/~r/blogspot/ABNx/~4/mrh3y6QgPbY" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>
Peter Feinman summarizes some papers on the subject of the 10th century BC given at the recent ASOR conference.
Andrea Nicolotti looks for archaeological evidence for the scourging of Jesus.
“Italy’s highest court ruled that a 2000-year-old bronze statue, known as ‘Victorious Youth,’ should be returned to that country by the Getty Villa.”
A well-illustrated BBC feature explains how ISIS’s destruction of a mosque revealed an Assyrian palace.
I am very happy that Wipf and Stock has re-published David Dorsey’s The Roads and Highways of Ancient Israel. For too long, you could only find used copies of this excellent resource for $200 and up.
Lois Tverberg’s excellent Reading the Bible with Rabbi Jesusis on sale with bigger discounts if you order 2-4 copies.
Everything at Eisenbrauns is 30% off with coupon EEOY18.
Bible Land Passages has now released 10 episodes that connect the biblical stories to the biblical world, using historical, geographical, and archaeological data. The episodes are available for free online as well as for purchase on DVD. The latest episode is entitled “Khirbet Qeiyafa: Witness to David’s Kingdom.” Episode 11, “The Power of Jesus in Galilee,” will be released next month.
HT: Agade, Ted Weis, Charles Savelle, Joseph Lauer
[Firsts posted in AWOL 17 June 2011, updated 9 December 2018]
Journal of the Text Encoding Initiative
Electronic ISSN: 2162-5603
The Journal of the Text Encoding Initiative is the official journal of the Text Encoding Initiative Consortium. It publishes the proceedings of the annual TEI Conference and Members' Meeting and special thematic issues: state-of-the-art reports on electronic textual editing, current trends in TEI encoding, and new use cases for TEI. It furthermore provides a forum for articles on the discussion of the interface between the TEI and other communities, and more generally of the role of technological standards in the digital humanities, including digital scholarly editing, linguistic analysis, corpora creation, and newer areas such as mass digitization, semantic web research, and editing within virtual worlds.
AbstractSummary of Commanding texts: Knowledge-ordering, identity construction and ethics in 'military manuals’ of the Roman Empire By Daniel Alexandru Chiritoiu This thesis is about ‘military manuals’ produced in the first few centuries of the Roman imperial period. It argues that these texts merit far more attention and appreciation than they have received in the scholarship so far. I will explore areas such as the way in which their authors order and rank Greek and Roman knowledge, engage with ideas about knowledge and power, help construct identity and discuss ethics and behavior. In the first chapter I will determine whether the authors operate within a specific ‘genre’, or ‘genres’, of military writing. Then I will explore how the texts relate to other traditions of technical texts, questions of audience, and finally the issue of their practicality. The second chapter will examine how authors tackle the issue of ‘Greek’ and ‘Roman’ knowledge, categorize, rank and use it for self-promotion. We will see how Roman knowledge is both subverted but also praised, and how Greek knowledge is at the same time placed above Roman knowledge and integrated into a narrative of continuity with it. The third chapter will focus on the use of Greek knowledge in the construction of Roman identity. I will explore how ‘manuals’ play a part in the identity of the Roman Empire, fitting into a picture of unity in diversity, and show how they contribute to Hadrian’s self-presentation. The fourth chapter will examine the ethical component in manuals. I will determine whether there was an ethical code of conduct in battle in the Classical world and whether it was different from general ethical norms. Then, we will examine whether our texts engage in any way with this ‘code’ and whether their individual approaches have anything in common or are fundamentally different.
KeywordsMilitary manuals, Arrian, Aelian, Frontinus, Polyaenus, Onasander, technical literature, historiography, Roman history, Greek history, Second Sophistic, Roman Empire, Greek knowledge, Roman knowledge, military history, generalship, cultural history, tactical texts, tactics, artillery manuals, siegecraft, Greek and Roman experts
SponsorshipAHRC award, King's College Studentship, Faculty of Classics studentship
Embargo Lift Date2019-03-20
IdentifiersThis record's DOI: https://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.21226
RightsAll rights reserved
A team of researchers with the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics and the Brandenburgisches Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archaeologisches Landesmuseum, both in Germany, has found evidence that suggests Mesolithic people ate much better than previously thought. In their paper published on the open access site PLOS ONE, the group describes their study of food remains found on a bowl dated back to approximately 4,300 BC.
Movies and television shows have implied that those living during the Mesolithic were brutish and backward—eating hunks of meat carved from an animal and tossed onto a fire, for example. But in this new effort, the researchers report evidence that suggests people of the Mesolithic living in what is now Germany had cooking skills on par with modern humans.
The researchers came to these findings by analyzing an earthenware pot recovered at a site called Friesack 4, located in the Brandenburg region in Germany. Carbon radio testing showed the pot to be from approximately 4,300 BC. In their efforts, the researchers focused on residue found on the pot—evidence of a meal that had long ago been cooked and eaten. In their work, they looked for proteins instead of isotopes, because recent research has suggested they can be more accurate.
The researchers found evidence of carp roe that was fresh at the time it was cooked. They also found evidence of fish stock (water that had been used to boil fish) in the residue, suggesting Mesolithic cooks had boiled the roe in fish stock before consuming it.
But there was more—the researchers also found evidence of a crust made from organic material around the rim of the bowl. Electron microscopy revealed that it was some type of leaves. Thus, the early cook had boiled roe in a bowl using fish stock, and had covered it with leaves to promote heating, or perhaps to add flavor. Taken together, the findings suggest the Mesolithic people had much better cooking skills than previously thought—poached caviar sounds like something modern diners would find only in a high-class restaurant.
Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2018-12-analysis-year-old-earthenware-bowl-mesolithic.html#jCp
Archaeologists have accused Highways England of accidentally drilling a large hole through a 6,000-year-old structure near Stonehenge during preparatory work for a tunnel.
The drilling, which is alleged to have taken place at Blick Mead, around a mile and a half from the world-famous neolithic ring of stones, has enraged archaeologists, who say engineers have dug a three-meter-deep hole (10ft) through a man-made platform of flint and animal bone.
Highways England have said they are not aware of any damage to archaeological layers on the site caused by their work and will meet with the archaeological team on Thursday, led by David Jacques, a senior research fellow at the University of Buckingham.
Before the drilling incidents, archaeologists were concerned that the construction of a tunnel and a flyover near the site will cause the water table to drop, damaging remains preserved in water-logged ground. The Highways Agency agreed to monitor water levels as part of the project.
The 6,000-year-old platform through which a hole has been drilled preserved the hoof prints of an aurochs, giant prehistoric cattle that are now extinct. Jacques said: “This is a travesty. We took great care to excavate this platform and the aurochs’ hoofprints. We believe hunters considered this area to be a sacred place even before Stonehenge. These monster cows – double the size of normal cattle – provided food for 300 people, so were revered.
“It the tunnel goes ahead the water table will drop and all the organic remains will be destroyed. It may be that there are footprints here which would be the earliest tangible signs of life at Stonehenge. If the remains aren’t preserved we may never be able to understand why Stonehenge was built.”
Alexander Hamilton's tax records, the blueprints for the largest municipal building in the United States and police logs of horse thieves all have a new home now that the Philadelphia City Archives has opened its state-of-the art facility. The new 65,000-square-foot building houses documents going back over 300 years, and it officially opened.
It also features an interactive new mural by Talia Greene. The sprawling work incorporates a 1930s-era map that banks once used to highlight black neighborhoods to restrict access to mortgages. Greene has virtually incorporated documents showing abolitionist and civil rights efforts within those neighborhoods.
Among them are the death certificate of Octavius Catto, the 19th-century civil rights activist, and a real estate transaction for Underground Railroad conductor William Still's house.
Italy’s highest court has ordered that a centerpiece of the Getty Villa’s art collection, a prized bronze sculpture more than 2,000 years old, should be returned to Italy in a ruling that could lead to a trans-Atlantic transfer or a diplomatic standoff.
The statue, named “Victorious Youth” but often referred to as the Getty Bronze, is on display at the villa on the outskirts of Los Angeles, which is part of the J. Paul Getty Museum. The bronze was retrieved from Adriatic waters by Italian fishermen in 1964. After a decade-long legal battle, Italy’s Court of Cassation ruled Monday that the statue should be confiscated and brought back to Italy, rejecting the Getty’s appeal.
“It was a very, very long process, but we now hope that we will be able to have it in Italy as soon as possible,” said Lorenzo D’Ascia, a lawyer representing the Italian government.
Yet the fate of one of the finest original bronzes from the Classical era, probably fashioned in ancient Greece and lost at sea after being stolen by the Romans, is still unclear. The Getty has long argued that the statue was probably created outside Italy and was discovered in international waters after thousands of years, so it is not an Italian object subject to repatriation.
Italian officials, who say the statue was found in Italian territorial waters, had said that if the country’s high court decided in their favor that they planned to ask the United States Justice Department to enforce the ruling by seizing the statue. That would be likely to lead to another court battle in the United States.
In response to news of the ruling, Lisa Lapin, vice president for communications at the Getty Trust, said in a statement on Monday: “We will continue to defend our legal right to the statue. The law and facts in this case do not warrant restitution to the Italian government of a statue that has been on public display in Los Angeles for nearly a half-century.” She added, “We believe any forfeiture order is contrary to American and international law.”
The Getty Villa on the outskirts of Los Angeles features Greek and Roman antiquities, and acquired the bronze in 1977.CreditKendrick Brinson for The New York Times
The “Victorious Youth,” a life-size athlete crowned with an olive wreath, was long thought to be by Lysippus, or Lysippos in Italian, a Greek sculptor from the fourth century B.C. More recent scholarship, though, has dated it to the second or third century B.C. The fishermen who dredged it from the sea realized the value of their discovery, brought it to shore and buried it in a cabbage field, awaiting the right buyer.
Italian officials have argued that the statue, which was sold several times after its discovery, was subsequently smuggled out of Italy illegally, without a required export license, and hidden at various points in a bathtub and in a convent. The Getty Trust, the museum’s foundation, purchased it from an antiques dealer in Germany in 1977 for $3.95 million.
“At the very least, the museum should have been more prudent in their purchase,” Mr. D’Ascia said in a phone interview.
“They bought a statue lacking the export permit,” he said.
Under a 1939 Italian law, when antiquities and archaeological works are discovered in that country, the authorities must be notified and the artifacts are not allowed to leave Italy without an export license.
“We provided enough evidence,” said Silvia Cecchi, the prosecutor who has pursued the case for 10 years. “The sculptor was Greek, but the statue was culturally and administratively Italian when it sank.”
But during its long legal fight, the Getty had prevailed in other lower court rulings. Italian authorities maintained that previous trials lacked crucial evidence on the statue’s origin, which prosecutors were recently able to provide.
William Pearlstein, a partner at the New York art law firm Pearlstein McCullough & Lederman, which has frequently represented antiquities dealers in disputes with governments, said the Getty should file a suit in the United States, asserting its right to the statue.
Sign up for the Louder Newsletter
Stay on top of the latest in pop and jazz with reviews, interviews, podcasts and more from The New York Times music critics.
“It would state the Getty’s claim for title and challenge the Italians to assert their superior title claim to the satisfaction of a U.S. court, which I don’t think they can do,” he said. “What they’ve done is basically submitted a bunch of inside-baseball claims in Italian court.”
The view is very different in Fano, the seaside town on Italy’s east coast that the fishermen returned to with the statue after they found it more than 50 years ago. Generations there have fought for the statue, and now feel celebratory about its possible return.
“It’s pure joy for Italy, and for my town; we always felt the Lysippus belonged to us,” said Tristano Tonnini, a lawyer for the regional cultural association.
The town has a reproduction of the bronze at its port entrance, and a restaurant and newspaper named after its once presumed creator.
“It was found near here, was kept here and we hope it will come back here,” he said. “It was finally recognized that the Lysippus is like the other 40 masterpieces that the museum already returned to Italy.”
Mr. Tonnini was referring to accords between the Italian government and foreign museums that have allowed Italy to welcome back many dozens of objects. The Getty, under one of the agreements, has already returned 40 artifacts to Italy.
But both parties agreed to leave the bronze statue out of the deal while the court fight over it wound its way through the Italian legal system.
Nevertheless, in Fano, the emotional connection to the statue remains strong. “The bronze just belongs to our cultural heritage,” Mr. Tonnini said.
The Getty noted in its statement that it has trained Italian scholars, curators and conservators, restored art objects for Italy and provided millions of dollars in support of cultural organizations there. “We will continue to do so well into the future and are undeterred,” the statement said.
A Tiraspol, capitale de la Transnistrie, cette région de l’est de la Moldavie, qui a proclamé son indépendance depuis 1991, il y a le seul musée archéologique de la région, qui est géré par l’Université de Tiraspol. Le site du … Lire la suite
December 10, 2018 09.45 -
The tenth episode of Jodie Whittaker’s first season as the Doctor is the season finale, and its title – “The Battle of Ranskoor av Kolos” – may not be especially memorable or striking. But this episode is certain to be remembered vividly, and widely discussed, by anyone interested in religious themes on the show. It […]
(This post was originally written in 2013 and published at my previous blog, Old School Script.) Imagine you are listening to a sermon during which the preacher says in passing, “Here, Paul quotes the Old Testament.” There is nothing out of the ordinary here. Paul quotes the OT all the time. Imagine again that you... Continue Reading →
vexillatio (f. pl. vexillationes)
A detachment of troops mustered under a vexillum (Veg., DRM 2.1; Suet. Galb. 20); v. comitatensis: cavalry troops of the Late Roman mobile armies (ND Oc. 6; Or. 5); v. palatina: cavalry troops of the Late Roman mobile armies of higher rank than the vexillationes comitatenses, but not so high as the scholae (ND Oc. 6; Or. 5). [Goldsworthy 2003]
vexillifer (m. pl. vexilliferi)
Standard-bearer who carried the vexillum. Prud., Psych. 419. See also vexillarius [Goldsworthy 2003]
vexillum (n. pl. vexilla)
A square flag with a fringed lower edge suspended from a cross-bar. Used as a standard by a vexillatio and to give signals in the field. Caes., BG 6.36.3; BC 3.89; Veg., DRM 2.1. [Bishop and Coulston 2006]
New NASA research has found that increases in the rate at which Arctic sea ice grows in the winter may have partially slowed down the decline of the Arctic sea ice cover.
The sun setting over the Arctic sea ice pack, as observed during the Beaufort Gyre Exploration Project
in October 2014 [Credit: NASA/Alek Petty]As temperatures in the Arctic have warmed at double the pace of the rest of the planet, the expanse of frozen seawater...
[[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]
Parrots are famously talkative, and a blue-fronted Amazon parrot named Moises - or at least its genome - is telling scientists volumes about the longevity and highly developed cognitive abilities that give parrots so much in common with humans. Perhaps someday, it will also provide clues about how parrots learn to vocalize so well.
This photograph shows an Amazona aestiva taking care of the nest in Pantanal
[[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]