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Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs -
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    Glass of beer 1THESSALONIKI, GREECE—According to the Greek Reporter, Soultana-Maria Valamoti of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and her team have uncovered evidence of beer brewing during the Bronze Age, between the third and second centuries B.C. The researchers recovered cereal residues, germinated cereal grains, and pieces of milled cereals inside two houses at the archaeological site of Archontiko, which is located in northern Greece. They suggest that the grains had been malted and charred. Similar evidence has been found in central Greece, at the site of Argissa. Valamonti said the practice of brewing beer may have spread to Greece from the eastern Mediterranean. To read more about ancient drinking, go to "Recreating Nordic Grog." 

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    Ireland Neolithic caveCOUNTY MAYO, IRELAND—The Journalreports that human remains discovered on Ben Gorm Mountain in 2016 have been dated to as early as 3600 B.C. Upon excavating the natural boulder chamber where a hiker spotted scattered bones, researchers found the remains of at least ten adults, teens, and children that had been placed in a pit over a period of 1,200 years. Their skulls may have been ritually removed after the bodies had decomposed. “Large pieces of quartz had been placed in and around the bones,” explained Marion Dowd of the Institute of Technology, Sligo, the archaeologist in charge of the investigation. “Only a very small portion of each skeleton was found, with the majority of bones apparently deliberately removed.” Dowd added that the site indicates a highly complex practice of processing the dead during the Neolithic period. To read more about the prehistory of Ireland, go to "Samhain Revival."

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    GUIYANG, CHINA—Xinhua News Agency reports that the 11,000-year-old burial of a child who was under the age of two at the time of death has been found in a cave in southwest China. Zhang Xinglong of Guizhou Province’s Institute of Archaeology said tone tools, bone objects, and hunting tools dating to the Paleolithic and Neolithic eras were also found at the site. Researchers are now working to determine whether the tomb is the oldest to be recorded in the province. To read more about Neolithic and Paleolithic discoveries in China, go to "The First Pots." 

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    FROM PALACE TO TOWN: Report on the multidisciplinary project carried out by the Iranian-Italian Joint Archaeological Mission on the Persepolis Terrace (Fars, Iran), 2008-2013.
    1. Topography, Diagnostic and Conservation

    edited by Alireza Askari Chaverdi and Pierfrancesco Callieri
    with contributions by Hajar Askari Chaverdi, Angela Bizzarro, Julian Bogdani, Luca Colliva, Carla Gianturco, Giolj Francesco Guidi, Marisa Laurenzi Tabasso, Lorenzo Lazzarini, Giuseppe Morganti, Paolo Pastorello, Shahram Rahbar, Saeid Rahmati, Stefano Ridolfi, Reza Sheikholeslami, Maryam Soleimani, Sven Stefano Tilia, Giorgio Trojsi, Azam Zare
    Roma 2017

    ISBN: 9788898392636
    DOI: 10.12977/from_palace_to_town 

    Prefaces (M.H. Talebian, S.M. Beheshti) p. 5
    Introduction (A. Askari Chaverdi and P. Callieri) p. 6
    1 - Topography and GIS
    1.1 - Topography (S.S. Tilia) p. 7
    1.2 - GIS of the Persepolis area (H. Askari Chaverdi, A. Bizzarro and S.S. Tilia) p. 13
    2 - The Archaeological Relational Database (J. Bogdani and L. Colliva) p. 17
    3 - Diagnostic on the Persepolis Terrace
    3.1 - Preliminary Diagnostic Study of the Stone on the Persepolis Terrace, 2008
    (G.F. Guidi, Sh. Rahbar, S. Rahmati, R. Sheikholeslami, M. Soleimani, G. Trojsi
    and A. Zareʿ) p. 24
    3.2 - Analyses on Stone Samples from Persepolis and of their Alteration
    Products (M. Laurenzi Tabasso and L. Lazzarini) p. 41
    3.3 - Experimental Results of XRF with a Portable Equipment
    (M. Laurenzi Tabasso and S. Ridolfi) p. 87
    3.4 - Study of the Finishing Technique of the Bas-reliefs and Architectural
    Surfaces (M. Laurenzi Tabasso and L. Lazzarini) p. 108
    4 - Conservation on the Persepolis Terrace
    4.1 - Report on the Study on the Proposed Restoration of the NE Doorway of
    the Hundred Column Hall, 2009. For a new methodology of intervention on
    the Persepolis Terrace (G. Morganti) p. 119
    4.2 - Didactic Hands-on Workshop on a Never Restored Window in Hadish,
    W Part of S Side, 1st to 15th November 2011 (C. Gianturco, M. Laurenzi Tabasso
    and P. Pastorello) p. 122
    Alireza Askari Chaverdi and Pierfrancesco Callieri
    In Autumn 2008 the Iranian-Italian Joint Archaeological Mission, directed by the editors of the volume, selected the site of Persepolis West for its program of excavations. This project aimed at discovering traces of the everyday town of Persepolis and obtaining ceramic material from reliable stratigraphic contexts necessary to outline a ceramic sequence of historic age for Fars, which was still missing. Even though the scope of the new project was to be mainly archaeological, it was felt the need to urgently update the approach to conservation then applied by the local restorers managed by Hassan Rahsaz, still based on methods and techniques in use in Italy during the 1960’ and 1970’. This “Italian” approach was the result of 15 years of uninterrupted presence in Persepolis of the Italian team of restorers and conservators headed by Giuseppe and Ann Britt Tilia, up to 1979. Therefore, the five-year project that was submitted in 2007 to the Iranian authorities, approved in 2008, included both archaeology and conservation works, and was named “From Palace to Town: An integrated multidisciplinary approach to Persepolis terrace and town”.
    This title suggests that the focus of the work that was to be started on Persepolis, differently from the previous research programs, would have shifted from the “Palaces” of the imperial Terrace, which had exclusively attracted the attention of archaeologists in the past, to the inhabited settlement known from the written sources, the “Town”, at the same time without forgetting the urgent needs of conservation on the Terrace and the multidisciplinary approach of an up-to-date study of the past.
    In this way, the project had two main objectives, respectively in the fields of archaeology and conservation. The archaeological section of the project has concerned stratigraphic investigations in the promising areas evidenced by the previous geophysical surveys over Persepolis West, one of the supposed areas in which to study everyday life in a settled environment (the “Town”) (Askari Chaverdi and Callieri 2012) as well as in the area of Bagh-e Firuzi (Askari Chaverdi, Callieri and Gondet 2013). They have also resulted in original archaeometric researches on ceramics and other finds (Amadori et al. 2012). The collection of information regarding diagnostic on stone as a basis for subsequent pilot conservation tests on the main problems met on the Persepolis Terrace (the “Palace”) have represented the strategy of the conservation section of the project, which until now has preoduced several separated articles (Guidi et al. 2012; Askari Chaverdi, Callieri, Laurenzi Tabasso and Lazzarini 2016).
    The series of final reports on the 2008-2013 project “From Palace to Town” is made of four volumes. Volume 1 is dedicated to the diagnostic studies necessary for subsequent interventions in conservations on the monuments of the Terrace; Volume 2 is dedicated to field work concerning the inhabited settlement at Persepolis West; Volume 3 is dedicated to field work in the area of Bagh-e Firuzi; Volume 4 is finally dedicated to the archaeometrical investigations on finds.
    While Volume 2 is being published as a volume printed by the BAR publishing house in the BAR International Series (Askari Chaverdi and Callieri 2017), Volume 1 and Volume 4, due to the high number of colour illustrations necessary for publications in those disciplines, are published in digital format by the BraDyPUS publishing house.
    Volume 3 will be only published after the end of the excavations of the gate at Tol-e Ajori, which are the object of of new MoU for the years 2014-2018 (Askari Chaverdi, Callieri and Matin 2014).
    We wish to thank in this regard all the scholars who collaborated in the project: their names are listed in the report of each one of the activities. Without them, as without the skilled workers of the villages around Persepolis, these activities would not have been possible. The two directors of the Joint Missions tried their best to offer to each of these scholars the most suitable conditions for work and to integrate the results of these multidisciplinary activiti in a holistic view, basically finalised to the preservation of Persepolis World Heritage Sites in its archaeological context.
    We have to thank the Institutions which between 2008 and 2013 made this project possible through scientific and financial support: in Italy the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Education, University and Scientific Research, the University of Bologna and its Department of Cultural Heritage, the Fondazione Flaminia-Ravenna, the Italian Institute for Africa and the Orient; in Iran the Research Institute for Cultural Heritage and Tourism of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Iranian Centre for Archaeological Research, at the start of the project guided respectively by Dr Taha Hashemi and Prof. Hassan Fazeli Nashli and now by Seyyed Mohammad Beheshti and Dr Hamideh Choubak, as well as the Parsa-Pasargadae Research Foundation, guided at the time of the work by Dr Mohammad Hassan Talebian, the Shiraz University and the Embassy of Italy: to all of them our most sincere gratitude.

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  • 01/19/18--18:04: Horace’s Satiric Style
  • Horace’s satiric style is informal and conversational—so much so that he called his works not satūrae but sermōnēs, “conversations, chats.” There are often snippets of dialogue and quick changes of topic and tone. The vocabulary ranges widely and urbanely between high (epic, grand) and low (colloquial, humble, obscene). Horace is somewhat confrontational, frequently addressing and challenging the reader or another imaginary or named person, but never in a hostile or angry way. He is fond of quoting proverbial wisdom and recalling well-known stories. He invokes principles of philosophy, but is never dogmatic or hair-splitting. He uses some rhetorical techniques, but his imagined audience seems to be one of friends—people in the know, rather than the general public.

    Here are some of the more noticeable stylistic features, with examples taken from the first two satires of Book 1. This does not include aspects of Latin metrics or Latin grammar and usage.[1]

    Snippets of Dialogue (brusque questions and snappy interruptions)‘nil fuerit mi’ inquit ‘cum uxoribus umquam alienis.’ / verum est cum mimis, est cum meretricibus“’I would never,’ he says ‘have anything to do with other men’s wives.’ But you do have to do with mime actresses, with courtesans.”1.2.57-58

    Challenging questions: quid iuvat immensum te argenti pondus et auri / furtim defossa timidum deponere terra?“What pleasure does it give you to fearfully place a massive weight of silver and gold in secret under the excavated earth?” (1.1.41-2) quid inter / est in matrona, ancilla peccesne togata?“What’s the difference if you do wrong with a matrona or with a toga wearing slave-woman (prostitute)?” (1.2.62-3).

    Direct address to the audience:hiscine versiculis speras tibi posse dolores / atque aestus curasque graves e pectore pelli?“Are you hoping that these little verses can banish the woes, passions, and grievous anxieties from your heart?” (1.2.109-110).

    Generalizing direct address: num, tibi cum faucis urit sitis, aurea quaeris / pocula?“When thirst burns in your throat, you don’t look for a golden cup, do you?” (1.2.114-115)

    Direct address to the satirized person: cum tu argento post omnia ponas“Since you put money before everything else” (1.1.86)

    Lists:multae tibi tum officient res, / custodes, lectica, ciniflones, parasitae“Many things get in your way: chaperones, litter, sedan-chair, coiffeuses, entourage” (1.2.97-98).

    Proper names: deprendi miserum est: Fabio vel iudice vincam. “Getting caught (in adultery) is awful. I could prove that in court that even if Fabius were the judge.” (1.2.134)

    Fringe vocabulary: Ambubaiarum collegia, pharmacopolae, / mendici, mimae, balatrones, hoc genus omne“The guild of go-go girls, quacks, beggars, mime-actresses, buffoons, all those type of people.” (1.2.1–2).

    Colloquial language: Fufidius vappae famam timet ac nebulonis.“Fufius is afraid of getting a reputation as a low-life spendthrift” (1.2.12).

    Obscenity mixed with formality: ‘nolim laudarier’ inquit / ‘sic me’ mirator cunni Cupiennius albi. “’I should not like to be praised in this way,’ says Cupiennius, the connoisseur of aristocratic [coarse word for female genitalia]” (1.2.35–36).

    Oxymoron/paradox: semper ego optarim pauperrimus esse bonorum, “when it comes to these riches, I hope I am always very poor” (1.1.79). transvolat in medio posita et fugientia captat, “he flies past what is freely available and chases that which flees” (1.2.108)

    Wordplay: dum vitant stulti vitia, in contraria currunt. “The fools, while they avoid one fault, they run to the opposite (fault)” (1.2.24).

    Metaphor: interdicta petes, vallo circumdata“you seek the forbidden, (a woman) hedged around by a palisaded rampart” (1.2.96). metiri possis oculo latus“you can get the measure of her flank with your eyes” (1.2.103). plenior ut siquos delectet copia iusto, / cum ripa simul avolsos ferat Aufidus acer. / at qui tantuli eget quanto est opus, is neque limo / turbatam haurit aquam neque vitam amittit in undis. “He who takes delight in a supply that is more than just, the swift river Aufidus carries him off along with the bank that has been ripped away. But he who needs only what is essential, he drinks water untainted by mud, and does not lose his life in the waves.” (1.1.57-60)

    Well-known examples:ut quondam Marsaeus, amator Originis ille, / qui patrium mimae donat fundumque laremque“Like Marsaeus, the famous lover of Origo, who once made his ancestral farm and home a present to a mime actress.” 1.2.55-56.

    Proverbial sayings: in silvam ligna feras“you would be taking wood to the forest” [i.e. doing something totally useless] (1.10.34).

    Allusions to fables or plays: ita ut pater ille, Terenti / fabula quem miserum gnato vixisse fugato / inducit. “Like that well-known father in Terence’s play, who lived a wretched life after his son ran away.” (1.2.20–22)

    Parataxis (“setting beside,” i.e. the omission of conjunctions): milia frumenti tua triverit area centum: / non tuus hoc capiet venter plus ac meus“Your threshing floor may grind down a hundred thousand bushels of grain a year. [But] Your belly holds no more than mine.” (1.1.45–46)

    1. For details on those topics, see Emily Gowers, Horace: Satires Book I (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012), pp. 22–25 (“Style and Metre”), and J. C. Rolfe, Q. Horati Flacci Sermones et Epistulae (Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1901), pp. xxvii–xxxviii (“The Language and Style of the Satires.”).

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    SUTHERLAND, SCOTLAND—The Scotsman reports that the site of an eighteenth-century inn in the Scottish Highlands has been investigated by a team of archaeologists and volunteers. The Wilkhouse Inn dates to the 1740s and is thought to have been used by travelers and drovers moving cattle to market. The excavators uncovered remains of the inn’s thick, lime mortared walls and a piece of window glazing. Fragments of wine and beer bottles were also recovered, along with pieces of porcelain, buttons, and a sheep bone. Historic accounts record that visitors were served cold meat, eggs, new cheese, and milk, by the innkeeper, Robert Gordon, and his wife. Coins found at the site include a French Louis XIII Double Tournois dating to between 1610 and 1643, suggesting that travelers may have stopped at the site before the inn was built. The inn was abandoned in 1819, when the land was cleared for sheep farming. Nick Lindsay of Clyne Heritage Society said timber rafters, slates, glass, and building stones would have been removed from the inn at that time. “It was then likely left as a ruin, which gradually collapsed over the decades and centuries to a broad pile of rubble,” he said. To read more about the archaeology of Scotland, go to "Letter From Scotland." 

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  • 01/19/18--22:10: Give the Dog a Biscuit

  • Washington DC coiney tries to tell the Old World how to rediscover the wheel. Cultural Property Observer tries hard to make an impression by showing he 'knows things'

    Duh. As every schoolkid should know, the Roman conquest of Britain was initiated by the Julio-Claudian emperor Claudius - so well after the Republic.

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    Simone Pastor, Epigrafia anfiteatrale dell'Occidente Romano IX. Retia, Noricum, Duae Pannoniae, Dalmatia, Dacia, Moesia Inferior, Rome, 2017.

    Éditeur : Quasar
    244 pages
    ISBN : 978-88-7140-823-1
    47 €

    Il presente volume si inserisce nel progetto editoriale finalizzato alla creazione di un Corpus delle iscrizioni d'argomento anfiteatrale dell'Occidente Romano (EAOR). I documenti epigrafici qui presentati provengono dai territori alpini di Raetia e Noricum e dalle province balcanico-danubiane delle Pannoniae, Dalmatia, Dacia e Moesiae. Il nuovo fascicolo arricchisce il quadro dei lavori precedenti con lo scopo di completare il quadro provinciale presentato nel volume EAOR, V, 2000 e il lavoro sulla raccolta di iscrizioni gladiatorie di L. Robert (Robert, Gladiateurs, 1940). Se a Nord-Ovest i confini del seguente lavoro hanno seguito la divisione geopolitica delle province romane, a Sud-Est il limite delle ricerche è stato indicato da quel confine ideale di diffusione della cultura greca tracciato da Robert. Tale limite ha consentito lo studio solo parziale di alcune province, quali la Moesia inferior, privata delle numerose testimonianze provenienti dall'esapoli greca sul Mar Nero.
    Da un così vasto territorio provengono 239 iscrizioni, che sono state raccolte in 168 schede. I documenti sono stati divisi in quattro sezioni, secondo i criteri esposti dalla Sabbatini Tumolesi, nel fascicolo inaugurale della serie (EAOR, I, 1988) a loro volta ripartite per province seguendo un ordine topografico da ovest a est.


    Lire la suite...

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    Let’s start the year with the announcement of a conference!

    This one is on the prosgymnasmata, a term which designate a series of handbooks containing instructions for rhetorical exercises. This kind of works are also highly relevant with regard to ancient quotation practices.

    Programme Colloque 2017 DEF

    Here the programme:

    Thursday 18th January
     I Premiers aperçus des pratiques : les documents papyrologiques
     9:45 Raffaella CRIBIORE: The Versatility of Progymnasmata: Evidence from the Papyri and Libanius
    10:15 Lucio DEL CORSO: Rhetoric for Beginners (and Dummies) in Graeco-Roman Egypt. A Survey of Papyrological Evidence
    10:45 Pause
    11:00 José Antonio FERNANDEZ DELGADO & Francisca PORDOMINGO: La pratique des Progymnasmata dans les sources papyrologiques (et leur présence dans la littérature)
    12:00 Jean-Luc FOURNET: Éthopées entre culture profane et christianisme
     II Pratiques progymnasmatiques et cognition 
    14:30 Emmanuelle DANBLON: Les exercices de rhétorique à l’école de Bruxelles
    15:00 Julie DAINVILLE & Benoit SANS: L’éloge paradoxal : regards croisés sur deux expériences bruxelloises
    16:00 Pause
    16:15 Victor FERRY: Exercer l’empathie : une limite de l’ethopoeia et une méthode alternative
    16:45 Jeanne CHIRON & Pierre GRIALOU: « Connais-toi toi-même », les Progymnasmata comme entraînement métacognitif
    Friday 19th January
    III Les Pratiques entre passé et présent
    9:15 Danielle VAN MAL-MAEDER: Des Progymnasmata dans la déclamation – des Progymnasmata à la déclamation
    9:45 Sandrine DUBEL: Défense et illustration de la paraphrase
    10:15 Anders ERIKSSON: Writing and teaching a contemporary progymnasmata textbook 10:45 Pause
    11:00 Natalie Sue BAXTER: Imitatio, Progymnasmata, Paideia, and the Realization of Ancient Ideals in Modern Education
    11:30 Jim SELBY: Aphthonius, Coherence, and Cohesion: The Practice of Writing
    12:00 Ruth WEBB: L’exercice de l’ekphrasis : des Progymnasmata aux étapes ultérieures de la formation de l’orateur
     IV Pratiques contemporaines
    14:30 David FLEMING: A role for the Progymnasmata in U.S. postsecondary English Education today
    15:00 Marie HUMEAU: Pratiquer les Progymnasmata à l’université aujourd’hui : de l’exercice de style à la réflexion sur le discours
    15:30 Christophe BRECHET: Les enjeux des Progymnasmata pour les humanités, ou pourquoi les humanités doivent refonder la formation rhétorique dans l’enseignement supérieur
    Saturday 20th January
    V Parcours : les pratiques à travers les siècles 
    9:15 Silvana CELENTANO: Quintilien et l’exercitatio rhétorique : entre tradition et innovation
    9:45 Rémy POIGNAULT: Exercices préparatoires pour éloquence princière dans la correspondance de Fronton
    10:15 Eugenio AMATO: La pratique des Progymnasmata dans l’école de Gaza
    10:45 Pause
    11:00 Marcos MARTINHO: Emporius : les Progymnasmata entre exercice scolaire et outil oratoire
    11:30 Luigi PIROVANO: Emporius and the practice of Progymnasmata during Late Antiquity
    12:00 Marc BARATIN: La place et le rôle de la traduction latine des Progymnasmata du Ps.-Hermogène dans l’œuvre de Priscien
    VI Parcours : les pratiques à travers les siècles (suite)
    14:30 Francesco BERARDI: Diversité des pratiques didactiques en Grèce et à Rome : réflexions sur le lexique des Progymnasmata
    15:00 Jordan LOVERIDGE: The practice of the Progymnasmata in the Middle Ages: Education, Theory, Application
    15:30 Diane DESROSIERS: An muri faciendi ? La pratique des Progymnasmata dans l’œuvre de François Rabelais
    16:00 Pause
    16:15 Trinidad ARCOS-PEREIRA: The presence of Progymnasmata in Spain in the 16th century
    16:45 María Violeta PEREZ-CUSTODIO: Teaching more than Rhetoric: Progymnasmata Handbooks in Spain during the Renaissance
    17:15 Manfred KRAUS: La pratique des Progymnasmata dans les écoles du XVe au XVIII e siècle au travers des traductions latines d’Aphthonios
    17:45 Discussion et conclusions
    The poster can be found here and the summaries of the papers here.

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    Scott McLemee has written a review of Candida Moss and Joel Baden’s book Bible Nation for Inside Higher Ed. Here is an excerpt: Nothing in the book impugns the Greens’ motives; while donating their collection to the nonprofit museum has undeniable tax benefits, that is secondary to the real mission of celebrating the Bible and promoting the […]

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    Graag herinneren we nog even aan de call for papers voor het 41ste colloquium ‘Archaeologia Mediaevalis’, dat op donderdag 15 en vrijdag 16 maart plaatsvindt in Gent. Wens je een korte lezing te geven over je werkzaamheden in 2017, dan kun je dat tot 22 januari laten weten. Zoals ieder jaar worden ook nu weer de kroniek ‘Archaeologia Mediaevalis 2018’ en de bijhorende bibliografie samengesteld.

    Het colloquium richt zich tot archeologen, muurarcheologen, archeopedologen, paleoantropologen, specialisten in paleo-omgeving, keramiekspecialisten… kortom alle disciplines die samen leiden tot een betere kennis van ons verleden. De organisatoren verwelkomen dan ook alle bijdragen die een uitgebreide en geïntegreerde studie van het archeologisch erfgoed mogelijk maken.

    De eerste congresdag heeft als rode draad ‘Archaeologia Ruralia’. Verschillende subthema’s zullen aangekaart worden. Zo zal er aandacht besteed worden aan de rurale entiteiten, maar zal ook de architectuur op het platteland specifiek aan bod komen. Dat de nederzettingen op het platteland geen ‘rurale eilanden’ zijn, hoeft geen betoog De wisselwerking met de verstedelijkte gebieden mag dan ook zeker niet ontbreken. Het aspect van waar we deze landelijke bewoning moeten zoeken, hoe we dit moeten doen en hoe deze bewaard is gebleven komt eveneens aan bod.

    Praktisch: voorstellen voor lezingen en teksten voor de kroniek kunnen bezorgd worden via Download de volledige call for papers (pdf).

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    Onlangs rolde het 18de nummer van Ex situ van de persen. Ook deze keer staat het tijdschrift garant voor een afwisseling van interviews, verslagen en fotoreportages over Vlaamse opgravingen en Vlaamse archeologen in het buitenland. Ontdek de hele inhoud op en neem meteen een gratis abonnement!

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    THE DEPARTMENT OF CULTURE, Heritage and the Gaeltacht has revealed that ancient human remains, which...

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    Greeks are known for loving wine but it seems their ancient ancestors were not only wine makers but...

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    Archaeologists may be among the few people who would be happy to find themselves at the bottom of an...

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    GUIYANG (Xinhua) – Archaeologists in southwest China’s Guizhou Province have confirmed a...

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    John Winter replies to my comment underneath the Gary Brun announcement on the pay-to-view-the-heritage-taken-from-you UK Detectorists Pocketed Finds Database:
    John 20 January 2018 at 12:43 pm Yes. I wholeheartedly support this initiative and fail to see how it is a ‘shot in the foot’ The database is an alterative (sic) to the PAS and all credit too (sic) Gary Brun who has created one that is superior in many respects to what is currently available. Many detectorists use both means of recording. The records are not ‘hidden’. I hope Gary sees this and responds accordingly. You use emotive language to suit your own ends … how you can interpret this as a ‘scam’ is beyond me. But, par for the course and your negative comments were expected.
    Records that are not publicly available are not a public record, are they? Heritage-pocketing artefact hunters are enriching their private collections at the expense of the heritage that belongs to all, and cannot claim that a private pay-to-view database showing some of what they have taken is any form of making that information available to anyone. It's just a commercial scheme, and yes the pretence that this is in any way "responsible" artefact hunting is a scam, A scam John. I would hope the PAS will creep outside their comfy comfort zone to comment on that aspect of it.

     So, can you (or Gary Brun) give us the statistics on the number of the 47000 objects that are now hidden from view are objects more than 300 years old and actually recorded on both the UKDFD and the PAS Database?

    It is not difficult to be superior to the old UKDFD which was always rather clunky and dysfunctional. And yes, I do look at a pirate database created in order to (a) be a thorn in the side of the PAS, (b) scatter the data on pocketed material, and (c) provide a divisive 'alternative' ('by metal detectorists nur fur metal detectorists') with a critical eye. I also remember even if you have forgotten the manner in which UKDFD set out to sabotage the PAS forum by a trolling campaign - including posting doctored porn pictures on it (which they managed to succeed in - the forum was closed because their misbehaviour was costly to police and creating a bad impression in a public space of the detecting community)

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    I have on more than one occasion given an account of my concerns about the privately-owned UK Detector Finds database run since 1st September 2005 by a group of renegade tekkies in protest against the discussions then going on about the original official Code of Practice for Responsible metal Detecting in England and Wales. And yes, I said it would not survive as an informal body run on a shoestring by volunteers. It is still here, though, but in a vastly altered format. Gary Brun announced yesterday the launch of its newest incarnation, the new UKDFD.:

    After going on about the 'successes' of the original voluntary scheme, they have decided to fund their costs by charging a subscription:
    We have sought to spread the cost equitably across the various types of user, and minimise the impact on those who already pay to record. [...] All who wish to view the records and use the database will need to register and purchase a Membership Plan. These start at £15 per year. Those who also wish to record will need to buy a Recording Package. These start at £5.  [...] Further details of the subscription arrangements can be found on the new website.
    So much then for the UKDFD as an alternative for the PAS.  I wonder how many tekkies support this as a way forward.

    Let us note that this heritage paywall now involves all the 47000 items originally 'recorded' there under a different form of regulation- when the recorders thought the results of their work would be a permanent record visible to the general public for free. They must now feel cheated that the showcase has been removed from public view. In the same way, all those landowners who donated their property (the artefacts found on their land) to the finders on the understanding there would be an open access public record have been cheated - because the money generated by people accessing information about those objects is now going into the pockets of the UKDFD team, and not a penny to the landowner. Have they all been contacted to ask if they would like a cut of the proceeds?

    In my opinion, this is a massive shot in the foot for the hobby. It is pretty startling to note that there are detectorists so "responsible", they'll pay more than fifteen quid a year  in order NOT to use the PAS as a form of legitimation-of-the-hobby-by-'recording'. That sends a pretty nasty message to Britain's main stakeholder community - the non-collecting public - that they'll have to PAY to see what the heritage pocketing Treasure hunters have taken from them. A non-public 'record' is information hidden from the public. I do rather think this move will ultimately go against the detecting community as a whole.

     It also suggests to me - unless I have missed something, and if so UKDFD organizers please enlighten us - that the 'Revised Code of Practice..." is now shown pretty conclusively not worth the paper it is printed on. And let us recall that it was from the publication of the original PAS/CBA 'code' that the UKDFD took its beginnings.

    But maybe there is a message here for the PAS - start charging for membership packages for recorders. Why is it that you expect the public purse to pay your salaries and expenses, when the UKDFD shows that it can be done at the cost of the database users themselves? In 2016 there were 326,502 users of the PAS website, in addition to 10,633 registered users. If the PAS had membership packages at 15 quid a shout, they'd raise more than 5million quid for operational costs. That'd even pay for a proper Welsh PAS too. Maybe the UKDFD ("recording Our Heritafge for Future Generations') has shown Whitehall the way the PAS should be going. After all, each detectorist probably pays that much a year for batteries and petrol. All they need to do is put a few more duplicate collectable metal bits on eBay and they'll soon cover the costs - just look at the valuations in 'The Searcher'. Or perhaps the sum can be deducted from Treasure rewards. Why should the British public any longer foot the bill for the legitimation of collection-driven exploitation of the archaeological heritage by artefact hunters and pocketers?

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  • 01/20/18--07:29: Weekend Roundup
  • A 4th century BC vase discovered at et-Tell (Bethsaida?) has a depiction of an image copied from the Parthenon in Athens.

    Haaretz (premium): “A team of Israeli scientists and archaeologists has embarked on a massive four-year project to accurately radiocarbon-date the complex layers of ancient Jerusalem.”

    A stele from the reign of Ramses II has been discovered at San al-Hagar.

    Roman funeral mummy portraits from Egypt, dating to the first three centuries AD, are on exhibit at Northwestern University's Block Museum. There’s a 3-minute video here.

    ASOR Blog:“What were the types of musicians and instruments in Ancient Egypt, how were they used, and where did they come from?”

    How do scholars reconstruct the rules for ancient board games?

    David Z. Moster of 929 Chapters has launched a new YouTube channel with a video on “How to Study the Bible with Ancient Near Eastern Texts.”

    The Spring 2018 issue of DigSight includes reports on the Fourth Expedition to Lachish, ecology on ancient seals, and more.

    Scott Stripling reports on Week Two of the winter’s work processing material from Khirbet el-Maqatir.

    Leon Mauldin writes of the possible connection between the apostle Paul and Gush Halav in Galilee.

    Ferrell Jenkins shares photos that illustrate a king making a footstool of his enemies.

    Wayne Stiles is leading a tour to Israel this October.

    HT: Joseph Lauer, Agade, Ted Weis, Charles Savelle

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    This would be a welcome move, the BBC is considering whether to stop showing ivory on the Antiques Roadshow as the government looks to a total ban on the material’s sale in the UK (Graham Ruddick, ' BBC considers whether to stop showing ivory on Antiques Roadshow' BBC, Tue 9 Jan 2018).
    China has already outlawed all trade in ivory and the UK government is consulting on whether to follow suit as attempts to stop the poaching of elephants increase around the world. It is already illegal in the UK to sell ivory from elephants killed after 1947. Campaigners claim it creates a gap in the law allowing dealers to declare items as antiques without providing evidence of their age.
    About 20,000 African elephants a year are slaughtered by poachers.  Then maybe they can impose a similar ban on the showing of the valuation of archaeological material and paperless antiquities from abroad.

    Vignette: Quit showing ivories

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     [First posted in AWOL 21 October 2016, updated 20 January 2018]

    Gerión. Revista de Historia Antigua

    ISSN 0213-0181
    ISSN-e 1988-3080
    Gerión, con ISSN: 0213-0181, es una revista con formato 17x24 cm, que fue fundada en 1983 con periodicidad anual. En 2002 pasó a tener periodicidad semestral y en 2012 de nuevo anual. Recoge en sus páginas artículos originales y una selección de reseñas de obras de reciente publicación (en todos los idiomas académicos) sobre temas relativos a las ciencias de la Antigüedad, con especial dedicación a la Historia Antigua. También acepta otros campos que inciden directamente sobre esta materia: Epigrafía, Arqueología, Filología, etc.
    Gerión. Revista de Historia Antigua (ISSN 0213-0181, ISSN-e 1988-3080) is a journal that was founded in 1983 and is published on an annual basis. In 2002, it became a six monthly publication and in 2012, annual once again. It compiles original articles and a selection of reviews of recently published works (in all academic languages) on topics relating to the Sciences of Antiquity, particularly devoted to Ancient History. It also accepts works from other fields that have a direct effect on this subject: Epigraphy, Archaeology, Philology, etc. 



    Vol 32 (2014)


    2004: Anejo VIII


    Vol 5 (1987)




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    First posted in AWOL 21 October 2016, updated 20 January 2018]

    Cuadernos de Filología Clásica. Estudios Latinos
    ISSN-e: 1988-2343

    Portada de Cuadernos de Filología Clásica. Estudios Latinos
    Cuadernos de Filología Clásica. Estudios Latinos (ISSN 1131-9062, ISSN-e 1988-2343), que realiza el Departamento de Filología Latina de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid y continúa desde 1991 la antigua revista Cuadernos de Filología Clásica, consta de dos secciones: artículos y reseñas. Tiene una periodicidad semestral y acepta trabajos en todos los idiomas admitidos por la FIEC. Las contribuciones se enmarcan en el área de conocimiento de Filología Latina, referida esta no solo a la Lengua, la Literatura y los textos latinos de la época clásica, sino también a su pervivencia y toda la producción en lengua latina de épocas posteriores.

    Tabla de contenidos


    La relación entre los contenidos semánticos existencial y elativo en verbos latinos con preverbio ex- PDF
    Concepción Cabrillana 185-195
    O discurso epistolográfico no "De officiis" de Cícero PDF
    Mafalda Frade 197-217
    La tradición indirecta de las "Geórgicas" de Virgilio y su recepción ecdótica PDF
    Ángel Escobar 219-238
    Horacio y su historia de la sátira PDF
    Rosario Cortés Tovar 239-263
    Hipólito-Virbio, San Hipólito y Pirro Ligorio PDF
    María José Pena 265-282
    Gramática modista "versus" gramática sanctiana: dos concepciones de análisis lingüístico contrapuestas PDF
    Victoria Manzano Ventura 283-301
    Sobre el conocimiento de Plauto y Terencio en Italia y España en el siglo XV PDF
    Devid Paolini 303-316
    Tradición y modernidad en el "De constructione octo partium orationis" (México, 1579) de Manuel Álvares, S.I PDF
    Juan María Gómez Gómez 317-334
    In Memoriam Gregorio Hinojo PDF
    Rosario Cortés Tovar 335-339

    Revista de libros

    Carmen González-Vázquez (ed.), "El teatro en otros géneros y otros géneros en el teatro. II Estudios de Teatro Romano en honor del Profesor Benjamín García-Hernández" PDF
    Antonio López Fonseca 341-344
    Montero Cartelle, E. (ed.), "Carmina Burana (II). Poemas satírico-morales, lúdicos y de taberna", Madrid, Akal, 2017, 282 pp. PDF
    Julia Aguilar Miquel 345-348
    Hamesse, J. & Meirinhos, J. (eds.), "Les Auctoritates Aristotelis, leur utilisation et leur influence chez les auteurs médiévaux. État de la question 40 and après la publication", Barcelona – Madrid, FIDEM, 2015, 349 pp. PDF
    Irene Etayo Martín 349-353
    F. Manfrin & L. Ferroni, "Rinuccio Aretino e Lorenzo Lippi traduttori di Platone. Eutfrone.Ione", Florencia, Sismel, 2016, 183 pp. PDF
    Iván López Martín 355-358
    Valeria Mangraviti, "L´Odissea marciana di Leonzio tra Boccaccio e Petrarca", Textes et Études du Moyen Âge 81 (FIDEM), Brepols, Barcelona-Roma 2016 PDF
    Marta Cruz Trujillo 359-360


    Vol 36, No 1 (2016)




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     [First posted in AWOL 21 October 2016, updated 20 January 2018]

    Cuadernos de Filología Clásica. Estudios griegos e indoeuropeos
    ISSN 1131-9070
    ISSN-e 1988-2637

    Portada de Cuadernos de Filología Clásica. Estudios griegos e indoeuropeos 
    Cuadernos de Filología Clásica (Estudios griegos e indoeuropeos) (ISSN 1131-9070, ISSN-e 1988-2637) es una revista de periodicidad anual que continúa desde 1991 en su especialidad, juntamente con la sección la sección latina, la antigua revista Cuadernos de Filología Clásica. Refundada por los Catedráticos José S. Lasso de la Vega y Luis Gil Fernández, acoge en sus páginas colaboraciones científicas españolas y extranjeras que versen sobre los ámbitos comprendidos bajo los conceptos de Filología Griega y Lingüística Indoeuropea.

    Vol 27 (2017)

    Tabla de contenidos

    Rosa Aguilar (In memoriam) PDF
    Ignacio Rodríguez Alfageme 9-10


    Palabras de Musas (Hes. Theog. 22-35) PDF
    Ignacio Rodríguez Alfageme 11-30

    La preposición ἀπό en el griego del Nuevo Testamento. Algunos casos de controversia PDF
    Marta Merino Hernández 31-47

    El prólogo y el primer estásimo de Edipo en Colono: un estudio comparativo PDF
    Fernando Pérez Lambás 49-63

    La sombra del poder: Egisto PDF
    José Vicente Bañuls Oller 65-82

    Reflexiones en torno al «juego de velos» del "Fedro" y una posible alusión al "Hipólito velado" PDF
    Jonathan Lavilla de Lera 83-116

    La δίκη ἐξούλης y la δίκη βιαίων PDF
    Enrique García Domingo 117-132

    Plutarco, dos "Vidas", tres oradores: Foción, Demóstenes y Démades PDF
    Carlos Alcalde Martín 133-146

    Mariano Escolástico, APl 201. Una interpretación de Eros en el reinado de Justino II y Sofi a PDF
    Carlos A. Martins de Jesus 147-162

    Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda frente a León de Castro: una carta inédita en defensa de su traducción latina de la política de Aristóteles PDF
    Ignacio J. García Pinilla, Julián Solana Pujalte 163-195

    Alfredo Adolfo Camús (ca. 1817-1889) y la historiografía hispana de la literatura griega: entre la realidad y el deseo PDF
    Francisco García Jurado 197-233

    Circe y las sirenas de la épica griega al microrrelato hispanoamericano PDF
    Aurora Galindo Esparza 235-265


    Carmen González Vázquez (dir), et allii, Diccionario de personajes de la Comedia antigua, Zaragoza: PDF
    Ignacio Rodríguez Alfageme 267-268

    J. Guillermo Montes Cala (†), Rafael J. Gallé Cejudo, Manuel Sánchez Ortiz de Landaluce y Tomás Silva Sánchez (eds.), Fronteras entre el verso y la prosa en la literatura helenística y helenístico-romana. Homenaje al Prof. José Guillermo Montes Cala, PDF
    Ignacio Rodríguez Alfageme 269-270

    Juan Antonio López Férez (ed.), Galeno. Lengua, composición literaria, léxico, estilo, PDF
    Alicia Esteban Santos 271-275

    Juan Antonio López Férez, Teorías de Galeno sobre el semen femenino, PDF
    Alicia Esteban Santos 276-278

    Giuseppina P. Viscardi, Munichia: la dea, il mare, la polis. Confi gurazioni di un spazio artemideo, PDF
    Ana Isabel Jiménez San Cristóbal 279-281

    Jorge Wiesse (ed.), Purgatorios, purgatori. PDF
    Daniel Caballero Payá 282-284

    Teresa Martínez Manzano, Historia del fondo manuscrito griego de la Universidad de Salamanca (Obras de referencia 37). PDF
    Carmen García Bueno 285-287

    María Teresa Gallego Pérez, Vida y muerte en el Corpus Hippocraticum, PDF
    Jordi Redondo 288-291

    E. Latorre Broto, Griegos que el estandarte alzáis de libres. Poesía fi lohelénica española e hispanoamericana (1821-1843), PDF
    Diego Román Martínez 292-292

    J. A. López Férez, Mitos en las obras conservadas de Eurípides. Guía para la lectura del trágico, PDF
    A. Vicente Sánchez 293-294

    Juan Antonio López Férez (ed.), La comedia griega en sus textos. Forma (lengua, léxico, estilo, métrica, crítica textual, pragmática) y contenido (crítica política y literaria, utopía, sátira, intertextualidad, evolución del género cómico), PDF
    Vicente M. Ramón Palerm 295-297

    G. Squillace 2015: I balsami di Afrodite. Medici, malattie e farmaci nel mondo antico PDF
    César Sierra Martín 298-300

    V. Piano, Il papiro di Derveni tra religione e fi losofia, PDF
    Alberto Bernabé Pajares 301-303


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    Yesterday, I helped Andrew troubleshoot some workflow regarding vr-to-real-world photogrammetry. You should go read his post. As I was doing that, I was thinking that the same flow would work for archival video (which I’ve done with visualSFM, but not Regard3d, so challenge accepted! By the way, the VSFM workflow was Ryan’s regarding models from drones).  So I grabbed some aerial photography of Pompeii from WWII era ish, and gave it a spin. It worked, but it was an ugly ‘beta’-worked, so I left my machine running over the weekend and I’ll know by Monday whether or not the result is any better. I wrote up the workflow, thinking it’d be useful for my class, and deposited with Humanities Commons. I pasted it below, as well. Lemme know if it works for you, or if I’ve missed something.


    It is possible to make 3d models from archival film/video footage, although the quality of the resulting model may require a significant amount of sculpting work afterwards to achieve a desireable effect. It depends, really, on why one wants to build a 3d model in the first place. Archaeologists for instance might want to work with a 3d rendering of a building or site now lost.

    The workflow
    The workflow has a number of steps:

    1. obtaining the video (if it is on eg. youtube)
    2. slicing the video into still images
    3. adding camera metadata to the images
    4. computing matched points across the images
    5. triangulation from the matched points
    6. surface reconstruction

    Necessary software
    nb these are all open-source or free-to-use programs

    1. Youtube-dl
    2. ffmepg
    3. exiftool
    4. regard3d
    5. meshlab (for post-processing)

    Step One Downloading from Youtube

    Archival or interesting footage of all kinds may be found on youtube and other video streaming services. Youtube-dl is a sophisticated program for downloading this footage (and other associated metadata) from youtube and some other sites. Find a video of interest. Note the url. Then:


    Try to find video that does not have watermarks (the example above has a watermark and probably is not the best source video one could use). Look for videos that are composed of long cuts, that sweep smoothly around the site/object/target of interest. You may wish to note the timing of interesting shots, as you can download or clip the video to those passages (see the youtube-dl documentation)

    Step Two Slicing the Video into Stills

    ffmepg is a powerful package for manipulating video and audio. We use it to cut the video into slices. Consult the full documentation to work out how to slice at say every 5 seconds or 10 seconds (whatever is appropriate to your video). Make a new directory in the folder where you’ve downloaded the video with mkdir images. Then the command below slices at every second, numbers the slices and puts them into the frames subdirectory:

    ffmpeg -i "downloaded-film.mp4" -r 1 frames\images-%04d.jpeg

    Windows users would call ffmpeg with ffmepg.exe (if they haven’t put it into their system’s path variable). Step Three Adding Camera Metadata

    We will be using Regard3d to stitch the images together. Regard3d needs to know the camera make, model, focal length (mm), and sensor width (mm). We are going to fudge this information with our best approximation. ‘Sensor width’ is the width of the actual piece of hardware in a digital camera upon which light falls. You’ll have to do some searching to work out the best approximation for this measurement for the likely camera used to make the video you’re interested in.

    Find the camera database that Regard3d uses (see the documentation for Regard3d for the location on your system). It is a csv file. Open it with a text editor (eg Sublime Text or Atom. not Excel, because Excel will introduce errors). Add the make, model, and sensor width information following this pattern:


    Regard3d reads the exif image metadata to work out which camera settings to use. Focal length is read from the exif metadata as well. We assign these like so, from the command line in your frames folder:

    exiftool -FocalLength="3.97" *.jpeg
    exiftool -Make="CameraMake" *.jpeg
    exiftool -Model="CameraModel" *.jpeg

    Note that the make and model must absolutely match what you put into the camera database csv file – uppercase, lowercase, etc matters. Also, Windows users might have to rename downloaded exiftool file to exiftool.exe and put it into their path variable (alternatively, rename it and then put it in the frames folder so that when you type the command, your system can find it easily).

    Step Four Computing Matches

    Open Regard3d and start a new project. Add a photoset by selecting your frames directory. Note that when you used the exiftool, the original images were copied within the folder with a new name. Don’t select those original images. As the images load up, you will see whether or not your metadata is being correctly read. If you get NaN under make, model, focal length, or sensor width, revisit step three again carefully. Click ok to use the images.

    Click on compute matches. Slide the keypoint density sliders (two sliders) all the way to ‘ultra’. You can try with just the default values at first, which is faster, but using ‘ultra’ means we get as many data points as possible, which can be necessary given our source images.

    This might take some time. When it is finished, proceed through the next steps as Regard3d presents them to you (the options in the bottom left panel of the program are context-specific. If you want to revisit a previous step and try different settings, select the results from that step in the inspector panel top left to redo).

    The final procedure in model generation is to compute the surfaces. When you click on the ‘surface’ button (having just completed the ‘densification’ step), make sure to tick off the ‘texture’ radio button. When this step is complete, you can hit the ‘export’ button. The model will be in your project folder – .obj, .stl., and .png. To share the model on something like zip these three files into a single zip folder. On sketchfab, you upload the zip folder.

    Step Five Clean Up

    Double click on the .obj file in your project folder. Meshlab will open and display your model. The exact tools you might wish to use to enhance or clean up your model depends very much on how your model turned out. At the very least, you’ll use the ‘vertice select’ tool (which allows you to draw a box over the offending part) and the ‘vertice delete’ tool. Search the web for help and examples for the effective use of Meshlab.

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    Here is a round-up of today's proverbs and fables - and for previous posts, check out the Bestiaria Latina Blog archives. You can keep up with the latest posts by using the RSS feed, or you might prefer to subscribe by email.

    HODIE (Roman Calendar): ante diem tertium decimum Kalendas Februarias.

    MYTHS and LEGENDS: The art image for today's legend shows Prometheus Bound, and there are more images here.


    3-WORD MOTTOES: Today's 3-word verb-less motto is In periculis audax (English: In dangers, bold).

    ANIMAL PROVERBS: Today's animal proverb is Leo a leporibus insultatur mortuus (English: A lion, after he's dead, is mocked by the rabbits).

    POLYDORUS: Today's proverb from Polydorus is: Asinus magis stramina vult quam aurum (English: The donkey wants straw more than gold).

    GREEK PROVERBS: Today's proverb is Μωρὸς σιωπᾷν οὐ δύναται (English: The fool is not able to keep quiet).

    BREVISSIMA: The distich poster for today is Maior Post Otia Virtus. Click here for a full-sized view.

    And here are today's proverbial LOLcats:


    Quod est venturum, sapiens quasi praesens cavet.
    The wise man is wary of what is to come as if it were already here.


    MILLE FABULAE: The English translation for today from the Mille Fabulae et Una book is Leo, Vulpes, et Simius, a story about tyranny.

    PHAEDRI FABULAE: The illustrated fable from Phaedrus for today is Canis fidelis, a story about bribery and loyalty: Latin text and Smart's translation.

    STEINHOWEL: The illustrated fable from Steinhowel for today is De Aquila et Vulpa, a story about the revenge of the downtrodden: Latin text and English versions.

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     Traer Scott 
    It's sort of like looking at little puppies, they look so cute, innocent and tumble around in the basket like they have no brains, awwwww.... but enough of that, now it's time for substantive comment from the artefact collecting community on the pay-to-view UKDFD like only metal detectorists know how. Alongside the usual ad hominems and hate speech aimed at those questioning what is going on in the metal detecting community by the unfulfilled inadequates that metal detecting seems to attract in some numbers, we also find those that attempt to make substantive remarks. Like comments Jim Crombie who commented on the new UKDFD. He ventures:
     This UKDFD creation can only do a lot of good for the hobby and metal detectorists in general. Being a hobbyist myself I hope government continues to enable the hobby to continue and be regulated as it is. [...] The UKDFD’s webpage will encourage metal detectorists to record finds of interest to the authorities and help finders of metalwork identify what they have dug up. Towns, villages, parishes, counties all over the UK will have instant access to a facility that provides up to date historical information about any area within the UK. Looking forward to viewing the UKDFD’s new site.
    What a shame he did not visit the site first before writing about how jolly useful it will be. But like the puppies, maybe he's not learnt to read big words yet. When those 'authorities', 'towns, villages, parishes, counties all over the UK' get their access.... the money will be rolling into the UKDFD coffers. Somehow I do not think this actually will be doing artefact hunting the 'good' Mr Crombie anticipates.   Another tekkie, one Micheal also commented on the same topic with even less understanding of what has been said about it:
    An excellent idea whose time has come John… [...] And with the mapping that this project has undertaken, there will be a more complete analysis of where and when items are found. Hopefully patterns can be extrapolated Micheal
    I suspect Mr Micheal has confused the UKDFD (which has not up to now had a mapping facility) with the PAS, which has. I'd like to ask Mr Micheal who he thinks will be doing this 'mapping' with data that the people who have now seized control of them want to charge them to even look at them. I am also curious what purpose he thinks these maps would serve if the UKDFD database has 47000 objects and the PAS one (free to use) a much larger sample thirty times larger.

    Then we have this comment from another from over that side of the sea who can't quite seem to work out what is what either. Here's John from Ontario (AKA Geobound):
    John not being from the UK, but fascinated and intrigued to see what has been found, I think this idea is fantastic. I’m sure there is an awful lot of time and energy put into compiling these lists, maintaining these lists and investigating the artifacts found, so a pay per use only seems fair and logical to me. Thanks for bringing this to my attention, I’m going to head over to the UKDFD site and sign up.
    One born every minute. If Geobound headed over to EBay.UK, he can see thousands of metal detected finds for free. The same goes for the PAS run by archaeologists and provided as a public service, but nobody with a metal detector over there has heard of it of course. In Ontario, it seems it's too difficult to grasp the idea that the 'time and energy' that went into finding these artefacts and posting them up on the database is not that of the people now pocketing the money that have taken over the results of other people's work and records and photos of other people's property. Anyway 'Geobound', have fun looking and dreaming.

    Looking at the timbre of the comments so far, I think really we do not need to bother what the sort of metal detectorists that are grouped around John Winter's blog 'think' about anything, the equally inarticulate puppies are more satisfying to watch as they slump around aimlessly in their own cocoon of entitlement. 

    Newborn Puppies posted on You Tube by Chronicle Books 27 mar 2013

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    Incendiary found, advice pls (Post by 'panzer'',  Sat Jan 20, 2018 2:29 pm)
    I was digging a belting signal in an open field, relatively remote, and started to come across blueish clumps of crytallised gunk, bit more clearance showed it to be a 1kg WW2 incendiary with a heavily damaged aluminium casing with a rather nice bronze tailfin still attached. I had my little one with me so decided to rebury it for another day. I am making an assumption that this has been soaking up rainwater for 60 yrs and is likely very much inert, well the crystals certainly didn't fire up when exposed to the air anyway. Whats the guidance on this? I feel a call to EOD would be an over reaction in this case? The tailfin would look rather nice on my mantlepiece though [emoticon]
    Oh, oh, isn't their that aaaa, you no, woss it called? You no, that Codey fing... the Code of, of..., um, Responsible... yeah, thass it, Responsible Metaldetecting! Woss that say then? Bury it and hope nobody hits it when hoeing the spuds next year? Gor Blimey!

    Vignette: 'Burning man', courtesy of a sawdust-for-brains-detectorist who can't follow even a simple code

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    If we look at the pricing details for the use of the data entered in the past and currently on the UKFD we see that grabby detectorists with their smug feeling of entitlement think it is perfectly 'fair' to charge a member of the general public who's interested in seeing what a crotal bell looks like fifteen quid for the 'privilege'. But look at the red rectangle. The membership package for a 'professional' will cost them a hundred quid. That seems to be pretty symptomatic of the real degree to which artefact hunters are engaged in 'creating new knowledge about the past' through a partnership with archaeology.  Here's what they say about their entitlement to charge us for even seeing what has been pocketed from the archaeological record:

    I have a better idea. Let archaeologists demonstrate to these patronising creeps their 'integrity' by simply boycotting their commercial database. That is entirely within the terms of the current Code of Conduct of several major archaeological bodies, to have nothing to do with extralegal commercial transactions involving decontextualised archaeological material. The very idea!

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  • 01/20/18--22:35: The Uses of Heritage

  • “And I said to her, if you give the EU £40 billion, I will
    let you borrow an embroidered cloth that depicts the
    French beating the English. And she said yes!

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    Rhiannon Ash (éd.), Tacitus : Annals Book XV, Cambridge, 2017.

    Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
    382 pages
    ISBN : 9780521269391
    £ 24.99

    Tacitus' account of Nero's principate is an extraordinary piece of historical writing. His graphic narrative (including Annals XV) is one of the highlights of the greatest surviving historian of the Roman Empire. It describes how the imperial system survived Nero's flamboyant and hedonistic tenure as emperor, and includes many famous passages, from the Great Fire of Rome in AD 64 to the city-wide party organised by Nero's praetorian prefect, Tigellinus, in Rome. This edition unlocks the difficulties and complexities of this challenging yet popular text for students and instructors alike. It elucidates the historical context of the work and the literary artistry of the author, as well as explaining grammatical difficulties of the Latin for students. It also includes a comprehensive introduction discussing historical, literary and stylistic issues.

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    We've always heard that Stone Age people lived in caves. It turns out that they often lived in earthen huts, which they reused for centuries and kept up rather than...

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    Archaeologists in southwest China's Guizhou Province have confirmed a tomb dating back 11,000 year contains the remains of a toddler. The tomb is located in a cave in Yankong Village,...

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    A cave-like chamber discovered by a hill walker in north west Mayo (Ireland) has been confirmed as a Neolithic site used in highly complex burial practices over 5,000 years ago....

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    Emma Higgs has been continuing her excellent blog series, Faith in the Fog. Here is an excerpt from her post “Good Religion, Bad Religion”: There have been moments in history where humans have experienced something so far beyond their existing understanding of the world that it transformed their lives. These events, whether we believe them to have been divinely […]

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    De Boerenbond wijst de kritiek van de archeologische sector af als zouden zij één van de belanghebbenden zijn van de aanpassingen van het Onroerenderfgoeddecreet. “Nochtans biedt geen van de bekritiseerde maatregelen een oplossing voor de knelpunten die Boerenbond al jarenlang aankaart bij het beleid”, bijt Boerenbond van zich af. Zo blijft de onderzoekslast, ondanks de aanpassingen, nog steeds voor rekening van de bouwheer. Boerenbond pleit dan ook voor “minder, maar meer betekenisvol archeologisch onderzoek”.

    De Vlaamse archeologen zijn ongerust over de aanpassingen die de Vlaamse regering wil aanbrengen aan het Onroerenderfgoeddecreet en wijzen onder meer met een beschuldigende vinger naar Boerenbond. “Nochtans biedt geen van de bekritiseerde maatregelen een oplossing voor de knelpunten die Boerenbond al jarenlang aankaart bij het beleid”, repliceert Boerenbond. “Boerenbond pleit al jaren voor minder, maar meer betekenisvol archeologisch onderzoek”, aldus voorzitter Sonja De Becker. 

    Door het nieuwe Onroerenderfgoeddecreet dreigt veel waardevol ondergronds erfgoed verloren te gaan, aldus de Vlaamse archeologen. Ze verwijzen daarbij onder meer naar het feit dat archeologisch onderzoek voor vele bouwprojecten in de toekomst slechts verplicht zal worden vanaf 5000 vierkante meter, waar dat nu 3000 vierkante meter is. De archeologen hebben ook geen vertrouwen in het feit dat erkende erfgoedgemeenten in de toekomst de bevoegdheid zullen krijgen om in bepaalde gevallen zelf te beslissen of bij bouwprojecten al dan niet een archeologisch onderzoek moet gebeuren.

    Er is daarnaast ook kritiek op de houding van Boerenbond. “Het is duidelijk dat de maatregelen die Vlaanderen wil doorvoeren, louter steunen op een kortetermijnvisie in een poging om te besparen in de marge en tegemoet te komen aan economische eisen van vastgoedgiganten, industriëlen en Boerenbond, waarbij de onschatbare waarde van archeologische kennis over Vlaanderen niet in rekening gebracht wordt”, zo klinkt het bij de Vlaamse Ondernemers in de Archeologie (VONA) en het Vlaams Archeologencollectief (VLAC).

    “Nochtans biedt geen van de bekritiseerde maatregelen een oplossing voor de knelpunten die Boerenbond al jarenlang aankaart bij het beleid”, bijt Boerenbond van zich af. De oppervlaktenorm voor de landbouwprojecten in het buitengebied wordt door het ontwerp van wijzigingsdecreet niet aangepast, wat positief is voor Boerenbond. “Maar er komt geen oplossing voor de zware onderzoekslast die door het decreet is doorgeschoven van de overheid naar de bouwheer.”

    “Als de bouwheer geconfronteerd wordt met een archeologietraject leidt dit vaak tot vertraging van het bouwproject en hoge bijkomende kosten”, aldus Boerenbond. “Alleen al voor een vooronderzoek, dat tot de conclusie komt dat er geen risico is op de verstoring van het archeologisch patrimonium, moeten vaak uitgebreide en dure rapporten opgemaakt worden. Bovendien wordt er met de kennis die in deze rapporten opgebouwd wordt niets gedaan. Dit maakt dat het maatschappelijk draagvlak voor archeologie de laatste jaren verschrompeld is.”

    “Boerenbond pleit al jaren voor minder, maar meer betekenisvol archeologisch onderzoek”, voegt voorzitter Sonja De Becker daar aan toe. “Bouwheren worden geconfronteerd met vertraging van hun project en met bijkomende kosten voor de opmaak van archeologienota’s die nadien in de kast verdwijnen. Boerenbond wenst dat de verworven kennis veel sneller gesynthetiseerd en vertaald wordt naar archeologische kaarten zodat op termijn meer gericht archeologisch onderzoek doorgang kan vinden. Aan deze verzuchting komt het ontwerp van wijzigingsdecreet niet tegemoet.”

    Bron: Vlaams infocentrum land- en tuinbouw / Belga

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    To James Fielding, loud-mouth tekkie. I posted this on his 'Detecting is an Attitude' blog
    In a comment on another blog you write: "I find it interesting how purveyors of BS always somehow shoot themselves in the foot at the onset" Your concern with "depth" however belies your own shallow approach - you failed to check what was the sentence following the fragment that in his blog piece your tekkie mate took OUT OF CONTEXT in the text to which you respond. I think it is rather you that shot yourself in the foot writing without actually checking what it is that is being discussed (and how). 

    I would contest your hasty assessment that Dr Samuel Hardy is merely a 'purveyor of BS', the paper referred to carefully sets out the methods used and references the sources utilised for critical review. All the tekkies can do is write with insulting 'Daily Mail adjectivisation' - but without citing a SHRED of evidence that Hardy is in error. I think that is rather telling, even if you do not.
    This is typical tekkkies seem to think that a belief repeated often enough becomes the truth. There are texts that raise uncomfortable questions about current policies on artefact hunting and collecting, so instead of examining the underlying premises of them (often set out in a form allowing that to be done), tekkies and collectors label them 'lies' and those raising the questions 'liars' and imagine the issue is resolved. I would say that such an approach in itself reveals that the criticism to which they have no substantive answers has merit.

     UPDATE 18th Jan 2016
    No substantive arguments, so ad hominems are used as a substitute - in further comments the metal detectorists compare Dr Sam Hardy to 'cockroaches that come out at night'. Yes, as the blog's title has it, metal detecting is based on several attitudes, and one of them is disrespect, disrespect for the remains of the past that are merely pocketed and disrespect for people like Sam Hardy, Nigel Swift, myself and others who question the effects of these practices.  Metal detectorists are in general a disrespectful bunch of loud-mouthed, self-centred knowledge-thieves with a misplaced sense of entitlement.

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    Ritual offerings.

    My child is obsessed by the moon.

    It wasn’t her first word, but it was early, and fervent.

    MOON. Before “mama” even. MOON. She points at the sky, finger connecting to the bright crescent. It doesn’t seem to matter if it is full, or a thin sliver, or covered by clouds. MOON. She asks after it several times a day, like a friend or a sibling. Now I look out for it as well, check when it rises so we can go out and affirm, yes, MOON.

    I’m not the first person to observe how having children changes the way you think about things. Recently Rumaan Alam noted how his children’s awe (or lack thereof) changed how he sees art, citing beloved John Berger’s Ways of Seeing. In On Looking, Alexandra Horowitz guides us to look through the eyes of “experts,” including a geologist, artist, physician, urban sociologist…and a dog and a child.

    My Tamsin is a similar age to Horowitz’s 1.5 year old son—Tamsin is also “blessed with the ability to admire the unlovely.” Touching, tasting, being, tripping, laughing. Horowitz compares her son’s investigation of things found on their walk to a kind of archaeology, “exploring the bit of discarded candy wrapper; collecting a fistful of pebbles and a twig and a torn corner of a paperback; swishing dirt back and forth along the ground.” I instantly thought of Angela Piccini’s Guttersnipe, still my favorite archaeology movie, wherein Piccini deftly weaves a Bristol history around personal experience through the medium of curbstones. Really. Watch it.

    Certainly having a child changes the way that you walk down the street, but it also changes the way I think about the past. Tamsin delighted in long afternoons at our allotment, picking and eating raspberries, blackberries, currants (tart!), then apples and a wonderful plum tree and grapes in the yard of the house in Greece we were at this summer. She became much better than her slightly near-sighted mother  at spotting potential edibles, including birds. I’m not sure she’s better than other children at this sort of thing, and I rather suspect not, but I can’t help but think how it might have been incredibly helpful to have a food-spotter lashed to your back as you go along your way.

    I realized that I had always thought of children as a burden in the past. The terror of trying to find a warm place for the night, of running out of food, of not being able to keep up with your group after a difficult childbirth…though obviously and sadly these nightmares persist for many people. I had never thought of a baby as a valued sidekick, as a contributing member of the household. The grave goods accompanying a child could celebrate their acumen, their contributions, something more than a parent’s loss.

    After finding small caches of socks in books, bananas in couches (ew) and duplo legos in cooking pots, I also think of small finds and deposits I’ve found archaeologically. What an odd collection of small things, it must be a ritual offering….right? Or I wondered how on earth people could have misplaced that obviously valued object, that gold and pearl earring at the bottom of a cooking pit, etc. Now I think of grimy little magpie hands. Probably both are too reductive and mono-causal, but still.

    Whether you attribute finds to children or to obscure rituals, these attributions show both our interpretive biases in approaching archaeological remains but also the potential of broadening and changing our archaeological imagination. I have very little in common with people in the past, as I type this blog out on a glowing screen in front of a fire, but small insights from a biological act that I am pretty sure happened in the past—childbearing—helps me think in different ways about their experiences. Yes, my sample is small…but she is growing all the time and she helps me to see things in new and delightful ways.


    (pssst, I’m quite amateur at thinking about children archaeologically, your first port of call for this expertise online is Sian Halcrow’s The Bioarchaeology of Children)

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    Lo studio della qualità dell’aria nel settore dei beni culturali: un’ampia selezione di accurati sistemi di acquisizione dati consentirà di sorvegliare gli spazi espositivi e conservativi in tutti i momenti della giornata, garantendo il controllo dei principali parametri ambientali coinvolti nei processi deteriorativi delle opere d’arte.

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    Faint Whispers from the Oracle

    Faint Whispers from the Oracle. The archaeological environment surrounding the Temple of Apollo at Didyma offers a unique insight into the remarkable Greco-Roman archaeology which surrounds the Temple of Apollo at Didyma, the second most important oracular sanctuary in antiquity. The author has expunged the stuffy and meticulous language of the academicians to breathe vibrancy into the narrative which brings to light the complexities of both the ancient world and the ongoing conundrums afflicting the archaeological site today. This e-book has been designed to assist those venturing to Didyma to be able to follow the fascinating archaeology encircling the Temple upon their mobile devices.

    This unique book contains 70 photographs and three detailed plans - of the archaeological site in Didyma, the Sacred Way, and the newly discovered ancient theatre of Didyma. There is also a bibliography for those of the readers who would like to deepen their knowledge about the archaeological and historical context of Didyma.

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    3D Target è lieta di presentare la nuova Insta360 Pro, una fotocamera e videocamera sferica professionale 3D in grado di eseguire riprese con una risoluzione fino a 8K.

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    In 2014, Rome celebrated the bimillenary of the death of Emperor Augustus who took his last breath aged 75 in his villa in the town of Nola in 14 AD. To commemorate this important milestone, the Italian capital launched a series of special events, including the opening of the Villa di Livia in Prima Porta and… Continue reading The Acts of the Arval Brethren of 118 AD (#Hadrian1900)