Are you the publisher? Claim or contact us about this channel

Embed this content in your HTML


Report adult content:

click to rate:

Account: (login)

More Channels

Channel Catalog

Articles on this Page

(showing articles 1 to 50 of 50)
(showing articles 1 to 50 of 50)

Channel Description:

Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs -
    0 0

    [First posted in AWOL 20 January 2011. Updated 18 June 2018]

    PQDT Open
    PQDT Open provides the full text of open access dissertations and theses free of charge.
    You can quickly and easily locate dissertations and theses relevant to your discipline, and view the complete text in PDF format.

    Open Access Publishing

    The authors of these dissertations and theses have opted to publish as open access. Open Access Publishing is a new service offered by ProQuest's UMI Dissertation Publishing, and we expect to have many more open access dissertations and theses over time.

    The database includes hundreds of theses and dissertations related to antiquity from American academic  institutions.

    For other aggregations of open access dissertations see also:

    0 0

    —According to an Associated Press report, rock art panels and extensive flint-working areas have been discovered in Egypt’s Eastern Desert by a team of Egyptian archaeologists and researchers led by John Coleman Darnielen of Yale University.

    Bulls, donkeys, Barbary sheep, an addax, and a giraffe are said to be among the images found in three areas in the Wadi Umm Tineidba.
    The oldest of the panels is thought to date to the Predynastic period, between 3500 and 3100 B.C.

    The team also found an ancient well, burial tumuli, and a previously unrecorded settlement dating to the Late Roman period. One of the burial tumuli contained the remains of a woman who had been buried with a strand of carnelian beads and shells from the Red Sea.

    0 0

    A fine and complex burial cave dating from the Roman period (c. 2,000 years ago) came to light a few days ago in Tiberias, in the course of development works carried out by the Tiberias municipality for a new neighborhood in the northern part of town. The contractor immediately informed the Israel Antiquities Authority after a mechanical digger exposed the cave entrance, and an antiquities inspector rushed to the site.

    The rock-hewn cave comprised an entrance hall decorated with colored plaster, a central room with several burial niches, decorated ceramic and stone ossuaries (burial chambers), and a small inner chamber. Carved stone doors stood at the entrances into the rooms. In one of the chambers, Greek inscriptions were engraved with the names of the interred. These inscriptions will be studied by specialists.
    The cave was probably robbed in antiquity. According to Yair Amitsur, Antiquities Inspector of Tiberias and Eastern Lower Galilee for the IAA, “the cave must have served as a burial complex for a family who lived in the town of Tiberias or in one of the adjacent villages.”

    Two thousand years ago, in 18 CE, Herod Antipas, the son of Herod the Great and Governor of the Galilee, established the city of Tiberias and named it in honor of the Roman Emperor Tiberius. Over the centuries, Tiberias served as the capital of the Galilee, and was one of the largest cities in the country. The city extended from south of the Hamei Tveria hot springs to the center of the modern city.

    In the Roman and Byzantine periods, several smaller villages grew up on the outskirts of the city, including Bet Ma’on, the home of gladiator-turned-rabbi Reish Lakish, Kofra, and Be’er Meziga. The cave must have been owned by a family from Tiberias, or from one of the surrounding villages, who chose to be interred north of Tiberias, overlooking the Lake of Galilee.

    According to Amitsur, “the burial cave is a fascinating discovery since it is an almost unique find in this area. The high-quality rock-hewing, the complexity of the cave, the decorations, and the Greek inscriptions point to the cave belonging to a wealthy family, who lived in the area in the Roman period.”

    0 0

    In China archaeologists have found the oldest rocks pictures

    Experts explained that this discovery will push you to new stages of the study of life in ancient times. As shown by the results of the examination, inscriptions due to the unusual method of mixing paint with glue.

    In China in the area of the Small Hinggan mountains (province of Kalunasan) archaeologists have found drawings on the rocks by the age of 12 thousand years. Scientists have suggested that this area was populated by hunters, because the quality of the images the artists chose mammoths. This fact also gave experts reason to believe that this is the age of the drawings.

    Archaeologists said that in those days, to draw on the rocks could be using a paint called ochre, but without the impurities the duration of its preservation was not so good. Therefore, experts have suggested that the ancient inhabitants of the area mixed with glue of animal origin, so that the drawings still adorn rocks.

    0 0

    In the context of “The Unseen Museum” rotating-object programme and the temporary exhibition untitled “Hadrian and Athens Conversing with an Ideal World” which is currently taking place in the Gallery 31a of the Sculpture Collection, the Archaeological Museum of Athens brought to the fore two unique artefacts from the unknown world of their storerooms. Fifteen selected antiquities had… Continue reading Exhibition: “Hadrian and Antinous: an encounter, 19 centuries later” at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens (#Hadrian1900)

    0 0

     [First posted in AWOL 3 February 2016, updated 18 June 2018]

    British Institute at Ankara Electronic Monographs
    The BIAA’s online publications initiative aims to publish substantial works which the BIAA considers especially well suited to the online format.
    Proposals from authors are welcomed. As with all BIAA publications, submissions will be subject to peer review. For further information, please contact the director of the BIAA, Dr Lutgarde Vandeput. Please note that this initiative will focus on substantial works and that articles for publication by the BIAA should be submitted to Anatolian Studies.
    We are pleased to announce the publication of the newest text in this series, Roman Roads & Milestones of Asia Minor, ‘Notes on the Itineraria’ by David French. Download it here » 
    To read the publications, you will need the free PDF Reader (download it here). Please use the links below to download the presentations in PDF format:
    Recent publications in the series
    1. David H. French, Roman Roads and Milestones of Asia Minor Vol. 3: Milestones, Fasc. 3.1: Republican (BIAA Electronic Monograph 1, [London], 2012). ISBN: 978 1 898249 24 5.Download (21.4MB) | Preview
    2.  David H. French, Roman Roads and Milestones of Asia Minor Vol. 3: Milestones, Fasc. 3.2: Galatia (BIAA Electronic Monograph 2, [London], 2012). ISBN: 978 1 898249 25 2Download (49.6MB) | Preview
    3.  David H. French, Roman Roads and Milestones of Asia Minor Vol. 3: Milestones, Fasc. 3.3: Cappadocia (BIAA Electronic Monograph 3, [London], 2012). ISBN: 978 1 898249 26 9.Download (46.7MB) | Preview
    4.  David H. French, Roman Roads and Milestones of Asia Minor Vol. 3: Milestones, Fasc. 3.4: Pontus et Bithynia (with Northern Galatia) (BIAA Electronic Monograph 4, [London], 2013). ISBN: 978 1 898249 28 3.Download (20.2MB) | Preview
    5.  David H. French, Roman Roads and Milestones of Asia Minor Vol. 3: Milestones, Fasc. 3.5: Asia (BIAA Electronic Monograph 5, [London], 2014). ISBN: 978 1 898249 33 7.Download (32.8 MB) | Preview
    6.  David H. French, Roman Roads and Milestones of Asia Minor Vol. 3: Milestones, Fasc. 3.6: Lycia et Pamphylia (BIAA Electronic Monograph 6, [London], 2014). ISBN: 978 1 898249 34 4.Download (19.8 MB) | Preview
    7.  David H. French, Roman Roads and Milestones of Asia Minor Vol. 3: Milestones, Fasc. 3.7: Cilicia, Isauria et Lycaonia (and South-West Galatia) (BIAA Electronic Monograph 7, [London], 2014). ISBN: 978 1 898249 35 1.Download (3.6 MB) | Preview
    8.  David H. French, Roman Roads and Milestones of Asia Minor Vol. 3: Milestones, Fasc. 3.8: Errata and Indices (BIAA Electronic Monograph 8, [London], 2015). ISBN: 978 1 898249 36 8.Download (11.2 MB) | Preview
    9.  David H. French, Roman Roads and Milestones of Asia Minor Vol. 3: Milestones, Fasc. 3.9, An Album of Maps (BIAA Electronic Monograph 9, [London], 2016). ISBN: 978 0 9954656 0 2.Download (380 MB) | Preview
    10. David H. French, Roman Roads and Milestones of Asia Minor Vol. 4: The Roads, Fasc. 4.1: Notes on the Itineraria (BIAA Electronic Monograph 10, [London], 2016). ISBN: 978 0 9954656 1 9.Download (40 MB) | Preview

    To launch the online publications project, we presented a previously unpublished article by David French:
    Funerary Stelae from Paphlagonia (3.3MB).

    0 0

    [First posted in AWOL 9 December 2014, updated 18 June 2018]

    Histos Supplements
    ISSN: 2046-5963 (Online)
    (Print): 2046-5955

    Supplements to Histos offer thematic volumes whose size or subject matter makes them less suited for publication in the regular journal and more appropriate for independent publication. Material for the Supplements undergoes the same blind refereeing as contributions to the regular journal. The arrangements for blind refereeing are conducted by the supervisory editor.
    We recommend that citations from the Supplements be cited as follows:
    • For single works thus:
    A. E. Raubitschek, Autobiography, ed. with introduction and notes by Donald Lateiner (Newcastle upon Tyne: Histos Supplement 1, 2014), 6–13.
    • For articles within supplements:
    B. A. Ellis, ‘HerodotusMagister Vitae, or: Herodotus and God in the Protestant Reformation’, in id., ed.,God in History: Reading and Rewriting Herodotean Theology from Plutarch to the Renaissance (Newcastle upon Tyne: Histos Supplement 4, 2015), 173-245.
    New proposals for Supplements are always welcome; they should be addressed to the editor, Christopher Krebs, at

    Supplements to Histos offer thematic volumes whose size or subject matter makes them less suited for publication in the regular journal and more appropriate for independent publication. Material for the Supplements undergoes the same blind refereeing as contributions to the regular journal. The arrangements for blind refereeing are conducted by the supervisory editor.
    We recommend that citations from the Supplements be cited as follows:
    • For single works thus:
    A. E. Raubitschek, Autobiography, ed. with introduction and notes by Donald Lateiner (Newcastle upon Tyne: Histos Supplement 1, 2014), 6–13.

    • For articles within supplements:
    B. A. Ellis, ‘HerodotusMagister Vitae, or: Herodotus and God in the Protestant Reformation’, in id., ed., God in History: Reading and Rewriting Herodotean Theology from Plutarch to the Renaissance (Newcastle upon Tyne: Histos Supplement 4, 2015), 173-245.

    New proposals for Supplements are always welcome; they should be addressed to the editor, Christopher Krebs, at

    1. Antony Erich Raubitschek, The Autobiography of A. E. Raubitschek, Edited with Introduction and Notes by Donald Lateiner (2014)

    5. Richard Fernando Buxton, ed., Aspects of Leadership in Xenophon(2016)

    6. Emily Baragwanath and Edith Foster, edd., Clio and Thalia. Attic Comedy and Historiography  (2017)

    7. J. L. Moles, A Commentary on Plutarch's Brutus, with updated bibliographical notes by Christopher Pelling (2017)

    Forthcoming Supplements:

    Hellenistic Historiography
    Edited by Alexander Meeus

    0 0

    NARA PREFECTURE, JAPAN—According to a report in The Asahi Shimbun, traces of a large structure built during the first half of the eighth century A.D. have been found at the Miyataki archaeological site in central Japan, near the banks of the Yoshinogawa River. Archaeologists think it may be the main building of the Yoshino no Miya palace, mentioned in historic records and poetry as a place frequented by emperors, based upon its size and design. Scholars have been looking for the palace for years, and assumed it had been placed safely far away from the river, in the mountains, with views of the river. “I previously thought the poem depicts the palace in an exaggerated way,” said Makoto Ueno of Nara University, “but Yoshino no Miya was likely a detached palace to enjoy the beauty of the Yoshinogawa just as depicted in the poetry.” Michio Maezono of the Nara College of Arts added that the placement of this building could have facilitated religious services to honor the river god. For more on archaeology in Japan, go to “Samurai Nest Egg.”

    0 0

    HOHHOT, CHINA—Xinhua reports that a 3,000-year-old village covering about four acres has been found in northern China. Pottery, ditches, and three tombs are currently under excavation. “The discovery will provide new reference for studies on archaeology and culture in [the] southeast region of Inner Mongolia during the Bronze Age,” said Cao Jian’en of the Inner Mongolia Regional Institute of Archaeology. For more on archaeology in China, go to “Underground Party.”

    0 0

    [First posted in AWOL 24 September 2010. Updated 18 June 2018] 

    Histos: The On-line Journal of Ancient Historiography
    Histos, the on-line journal of ancient historiography, was founded in 1996 by John Moles, then of the University of Durham, who was also its Editor, supported by an Editorial Board of scholars from the UK and North America. Four issues appeared from 1997 to 2000, and many of the articles that appeared during those years have since become standard works in the study of ancient historiography. The website for Histos was hosted by the University of Durham from 1996 to 2011.

    In 2010 a decision was made to re-start Histos, under the editorship of John Moles, now of the University of Newcastle, and with the addition of John Marincola, of Florida State University, as co-editor. The new site, now hosted by the University of Newcastle, was launched in June 2011, and the earlier material from volumes 1 to 4 was transferred to the new site, the older contributions having been converted from HTML format to PDF.

    The brief of HISTOS is rapid publication of high-quality articles and notes on all aspects of ancient historiography and biography (including Jewish historiography, the Gospels and later Christian material) and of in-depth reviews of recent publications in the field. It is not our intention to publish material which is per se historical, unless it illuminates the qualities of ancient historians or biographers (this will be a matter of balance and judgment). All submissions will be anonymously refereed by experts. We aim for a turn-around time of a maximum of three months. We will publish in English, French, German and Italian.

    HISTOS will be available both online, in a full open-access version (in PDF form), and in a printed version. All the papers accepted for publication will appear in both formats. Readers' responses are welcomed. 

    0 0

    YOSHINO, Nara Prefecture–Building a palace near the water’s edge isn’t the safest location, as...

    0 0

    Event Type (you may select more than one): 
    Start Date: 
    Thursday, January 10, 2019 to Sunday, January 13, 2019

    "The study of the bioarchaeological remains (humans, animals and plants) from ancient Egypt, within the archaeological context in which they were found provides profound insights into diverse topics, such as religion, cultural practices, the health and nutrition of ancient populations (both human and animal), animal husbandry, diet, agricultural practices, economy, the natural environment, and ancient Egyptian lifeways.


    Joint Bioarchaeology in Egypt-International Symposium of Animals in Ancient Egypt Conference
    Call for Papers: 
    Right Header: 
    Right Content: 
    CFP Deadline: 
    September 20, 2018

    0 0

    The graves of two men whose legs were chopped off at the knees and placed carefully by their...

    0 0

    Open Access Digital Theological Library: a virtual library for theology, religious studies, and related disciplines

    The mission of Open Access Digital Theological Library (OADTL) is to curate high quality content in religious studies and related disciplines from publisher websites, institutional repositories, and stable public domain collections. The OADTL uses the world’s most advanced library discovery cataloging and discovery system, OCLC’s WorldShare, to make content easily discoverable and retrievable. The OADTL is staffed by professional librarians and curates content without regard for theological or confessional perspective. It is hoped that the increased access to high quality religious studies content will serve scholars and students of religion.

    0 0

    Scotland Carved StoneEDINBURGH, SCOTLAND—Hugo Anderson-Whymark of National Museums Scotland has created 3-D models of balls of stone intricately carved during the Neolithic period using photogrammetry, according to a Live Science report. Sixty models are now available to the public online. More than 500 such regularly sized carved balls of stone have been found in northeast Scotland, the Orkney Islands, England, and Ireland. A single one has even turned up in Norway. Scholars have suggested the objects may have been used as parts of weapons, standardized weights for traders, rollers for moving megalithic monuments, or wound with twine or sinew and thrown. Some of the balls bear carved motifs that are also seen in carvings at Neolithic passage tombs. Anderson-Whymark said the similarities could indicate that people living in different regions interacted and shared common ideas. The new, detailed photographs of the carvings have revealed marks on some of the balls that had been hidden, and could offer new insight into their possible use. “We might be able to get a little bit more of that story out in the future by more detailed analysis of these things,” Anderson-Whymark said, “but they’re always going to be slightly enigmatic.” For more on archaeology in Scotland, go to “Fit for a Saint.”

    0 0

    England legless gravesCAMBRIDGE, ENGLAND—Archaeological investigation ahead of road construction in Cambridgeshire has uncovered the graves of two men whose legs were chopped off at the knees, according to The Guardian. The men’s skulls were also smashed in. Archaeologist Kasia Gdaniec of the Cambridge County Council said the men are thought to have lived in the late Roman or early Saxon period. Their bodies were buried in graves placed at right angles to each other. The upper part of another body was found in a timber-lined well about 165 feet from the graves. The well had fallen out of use, and had been partially filled in with rubbish when the torso was deposited with its head intact. “People talk about the archaeology of conquest, but I have never felt it as strongly as here,” said Gdaniec. “The Romans arrive, the people who were here are completely subjugated, everything changes and is never the same again.” For more on the Roman period in England, go to “A Villa under the Garden.”

    0 0


    Anthony J. Woodman, The Annals of Tacitus: Book 4, Cambridge, 2018.

    Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
    Collection : Cambridge Classical Texts and Commentaries
    368 pages
    ISBN : 9781108419611
    84,99 £

    Book 4 of Tacitus' Annals, described by Sir Ronald Syme as 'the best that Tacitus ever wrote', covers the years AD 23–28, the pivotal period in the principate of the emperor Tiberius. Under the malign influence of Sejanus, the henchman who duped him and was loaded with honours, Tiberius withdrew to the island of Capri and was never again seen in Rome, where the treason trials engendered an atmosphere of terror. The volume presents a new text of Book 4, as well as a full commentary on the text, covering textual, literary, linguistic and historical matters. The introduction discusses the relationship between Tacitus and Sallust. The volume completes the sequence which began with commentary on Books 1 and 2 of the Annals by F. R. D. Goodyear (1972, 1981) and was continued by commentary on Book 3 by A. J. Woodman and R. H. Martin (1996) and on Books 5-6 by A. J. Woodman (2016).


    Source : Cambridge University Press

    0 0

    via Bangkok Post, 15 June 2018: Thailand’s Designated Areas for Sustainable Tourism Administration (Dasta) yesterday signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Cambodia’s Apsara Authority to exchange knowledge and expertise about community-based tourism and World Heritage Site management. Source: MoU promotes cross-border trips

    0 0

    exceptor (m. pl. exceptores)

    A scribe or shorthand-writer (Dig. 19.2.19); e. officii praesidis: scribe in the officium of a praeses (CIL VIII, 17634); e. tribuni: scribe of a tribunus (CIL VI, 1057). [Goldsworthy 2003]

    0 0

    excubiae (f. pl.)

    Pickets, sentries, or watches. Tac., Ann. 13.18; Veg., DRM 3.8. [Goldsworthy 2003]

    0 0

    exercitatio (m. pl. exercitationes)

    Exercises or training (Veg., DRM 2.23; CIL VIII, 2532); e. equestris see hippika gymnasia [Goldsworthy 2003]

    0 0
  • 06/19/18--00:58: The Symes Athlete
  • Athlete from the Schinoussa Archive.
    Source: Dr Christos Tsirogiannis
    Dr Christos Tsirogiannis has identified a Roman marble athlete from the Schinoussa photographic archive. The sculpture, "A Roman Marble Figure of an Athlete, circa 1st/2nd Century A.D.", is acknowledged as "perhaps acquired from Robin Symes". The photographic evidence can now confirm this part in the statue's history. 

    The sculpture is due to be auctioned at Sotheby's, London on 3 July 2018 (lot 23). The estimate is £30,000–£50,000. The stated history is as follows:

    • John Hewett (1919-1994), London, perhaps acquired from Robin Symes 
    • James Freeman, Kyoto, probably acquired from the above in the early 1970s 
    • acquired from the above by Willard and Elizabeth Clark on December 21st, 1980
    Tsirogiannis has observed that the statue in the Schinoussa archive is "uncleaned and unrestored, since soil encrustations are obvious on its surface".  Note also the damage to the right thigh.

    Did Symes sell the statue to Hewett? Or did Hewett sell it to Symes? Or did Symes sell the statue to Freeman? Or did Hewett sell to Freeman? When did these transactions take place?

    What is the authenticated documentation that can confirm the statue's history? When did it surface?

    Bookmark and Share so Your Real Friends Know that You Know

    0 0

    Review of Tanya Pollard, Greek Tragic Women on Shakespearean Stages. Oxford; New York: 2017. Pp. vii, 331. $70.00. ISBN 9780198793113.

    0 0

    Review of Paula Fredriksen, Paul: The Pagans’ Apostle. New Haven: 2017. Pp. xii, 319. $35.00. ISBN 9780300225884.

    0 0

    Review of Christine Schmitz, Jan Telg genannt Kortmann, Angela Jöne​, Anfänge und Enden: narrative Potentiale des antiken und nachantiken Epos. Bibliothek der klassischen Altertumswissenschaften, 154​. Heidelberg: 2017. Pp. 402. €56.00. ISBN 9783825367626.

    0 0

    Review of Marc-Antoine Gavray, Platon, héritier de Protagoras: dialogue sur les fondements de la démocratie. Tradition de la pensée classique. Paris: 2017. Pp. 390. €35.00 (pb). ISBN 9782711626953.

    0 0

    Review of R. W. Sharples, Perspectives on Greek Philosophy: S.V. Keeling Memorial Lectures in Ancient Philosophy 1992-2002. London; New York: 2017. Pp. 176. $115.00. ISBN 9781138707856.

    0 0

    Review of Effie F. Athanassopoulos, Landscape Archaeology and the Medieval Countryside. Nemea Valley Archaeological Project, 2. Princeton: 2016. Pp. xvii, 172. $150.00. ISBN 9780876619230.

    0 0

    New paper in Nature about the origins and spread of dogs in Southeast Asia and the Pacific by Kreig et al. Article Complex history of dog (Canis familiaris) origins and translocations in the Pacific revealed by ancient mitogenomes Archaeological evidence suggests that dogs were introduced to the islands of Oceania via Island Southeast Asia around … Continue reading"[Paper] Complex history of dog (Canis familiaris) origins and translocations in the Pacific revealed by ancient mitogenomes"

    0 0

    Apparently, one of the seized manuscripts

    'According to reports, security forces stopped a vehicle arriving from Istanbul with five passengers upon receiving intelligence. After conducting a search, the gendarmerie found the Torahs hidden inside a loudspeaker in the trunk. The Torahs were reportedly written on gazelle skin and were embellished with emerald and ruby decorations. The suspects were planning to sell the ancient books and were headed to meet the buyers. Bilecik Museum Directorate officials noted that the exact date of the Torahs will be announced after examination'.

    One feels they'd be better advised checking whether the seized items are authentic and not tourist bazaar fakes before they report their 'success'.

    0 0
  • 06/19/18--02:01: The Gamla synagogue
  • <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    0 0

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    0 0

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    0 0
  • 06/19/18--02:33: Traditional Marriage
  • The New Yorker shared this cartoon: Here’s the caption: “I’m sorry, but we believe in tradition—marriage should exclusively be about bringing a brief moment of calm between two warring kingdoms.”  There have been a lot of memes about “traditional marriage” or “biblical marriage,” many of which highlight stories such as Solomon’s many wives and concubines. […]

    0 0

    <img src="" height="1" width="1" alt=""/>

    0 0

    via The Nation, 16 June 2018: SOAS denies that the donated statue was smuggled but critics point out that the provenance of the statue is lacking, or at least has not yet been established (see other links at the end of this post). London’s School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) has denied claims the … Continue reading"SOAS statue: school denies it was smuggled, but provenance has not yet been established"

    0 0
  • 06/19/18--03:50: Another One

  • 'Any input to any of the vellum pages of our Codex by a reader would be most grateful (sic), please any useful comments or corrections can be send directly to me at We here at would appreciate all the help we can get, to decipher this unique Codex'.

     Well, Mr Owen Felix, where did you get this and did you get it with the valid export papers for it? Similar things have been appearing on the market in some numbers in the past five years (only), the same texture and colour of the pages, the same raggedy edges, random damage, the same manner of binding, they have similar faded uneven (unpracticed) script, the nonsensical insertion of random images. In yours one (43 seconds) looks 'Classical Greek' (or Minoanish) doesn't it, just before a Hodegetria Theotokas modelled on the Iwerska image maybe (look at the Christchild's halo) ...

    The problem is all the other ones quite clearly are fakes, they seem to originate in the Turkish/Syrian border area (that's where most of them turn up), is that where you got this? In which case who did you buy it from, and what was it represented as?  If you agree you've been duped, take it back and ask for your money to be returned because you 'made a mistake buying it' and see what the seller says. I'd suggest care in how you phrase that, we suspect the some involved in the trade in such items have guns...

    Good luck getting your money back!

    0 0

    Update 6/19/2018 - Amazon has released a new tool to build little Alexa skills called Blueprints where they provide a sample template and you replace the text and sound effects with your own content. I tried it out and created a short story about the beginning of the Gallic Wars called "War Begins". (Alexa doesn't like proper nouns in story titles at this time). You'll see a link to it listed at the top of the left hand side bar but you'll need an Alexa enabled device to listen to it. I've decided to produce a series of these little stories about ancient history and events that I am calling Mary's history bits. I've tried to make these stories understandable for young history buffs with appropriate sound effects to make them more interesting. I'm hoping as time goes on Amazon will provide the ability to bundle these stories into volumes that can be enabled as a set but for the time being, they must be enabled one at a time.

    Update 5/26/2018 - As of this morning, my Alexa skill "Classic Moments Rome" is now available in the U.K., Canada, Australia, and India, too!

    As many of you know, I am not only passionately interested in ancient history but, as an education technologist, I continue to explore new technologies and how they can be used to promote the study of the ancient world.

    Alexa is a virtual assistant developed by Amazon that uses artificial intelligence to perform numerous tasks like music playback, making to-do lists, setting alarms, playing games, streaming podcasts, playing audiobooks, serving as an intercom, and providing weather, traffic, sports, and other real-time information, such as news, all using voice commands to an Alexa-enabled device such as a wifi-enabled Echo or Echo Dot speaker.  Alexa can also control light switches, door locks, Tvs, appliances, and other smart devices in a home automation system. What is particularly exciting for educators, though, is the ability to extend Alexa's  intelligence by installing "skills."

    These skills can range from playing a wide range of ambient sounds for rest and meditation to quotes from ancient sources, one of the "skills" I developed.  You can also venture on imaginary quests to exotic places complete with sound effects, or hear memories you have stored. You can even learn to use cognitive techniques like constructing a "memory palace" to help you improve your recall. The vast majority of these "skills" are free and can be enabled on your device by simply saying "Alexa, enable (skill name) or going to the link below, searching for the skill and clicking the enable button.

    An Alexa-powered Amazon Echo Dot
    Naturally, I wanted to try to create an Alexa skill myself that would be ancient history related.  Alexa has a feature called a "Flash Briefing" that plays short broadcasts of information that you choose to add to your Flash Briefing queue. Typically, these broadcasts are updated daily so you are kept up to date with developments in your chosen subject matter. Alexa starts you off with a default broadcast from NPR (National Public Radio) and your local weather.

    An update I have always wanted was information about upcoming exhibits of artifacts from the ancient world. Too many times I have found out about fascinating exhibits after its too late to attend. So, I searched all through the catalog of Alexa skills to see if someone offered something like that and was disappointed to discover there were none. So, I decided to build one myself for other history enthusiasts.

    Storyline makes the development of an Alexa Flash Briefing skill a breeze once you set up a free basic account. One of the founders, Vasili Shynkarenka, clearly explains the short process in this video:

    First, though, you need to choose the information you wish to provide on a daily basis. In my case that was a list of exhibits opening soon or in progress or information about an existing collection of artifacts in a museum's permanent collection. Fortunately, for me, I have photographed many museum collections so I already knew many museums that host ancient artifact exhibitions and collections.

    I created a Google spreadsheet to record all of the exhibits I could find along with their title, description, dates of presentation, the institution where the exhibit is taking place, the location and a URL where listeners can find out more about it. I decided to enter only one post each day, though, prioritizing the posts by opening and closing dates, to ensure I would have enough content for a daily update for quite some time. Each day when I post an exhibit, I change my font color in my spreadsheet from black to red to flag the entry as posted. Then, each morning I search the internet for more exhibits to add to my list.

    Using the Storyline tool, I uploaded my exhibit skill to my own Alexa network. But, I wanted to
    share my skill with other English-speaking history enthusiasts so decided to publish it to the the Alexa skill catalog.  I did so by using Storyline's "Publish" feature. It presents you with a form to fill out to provide Amazon with enough information for the Alexa skill catalog. First, I needed to choose a name for my new skill. Amazon recommends choosing a name that reflects what your skill is about in two or three words. I chose the skill name "Antiquities Alive".

    Then I needed to create an icon for my skill that would be displayed in the Alexa skill catalog. I used a picture I had of an elegant Greek table support of griffins attacking a doe that I photographed years ago at the Getty Villa to create my skill icons - one 108X108 pixels and the other 512X512 pixels.

    Then I wrote a short description of the skill (a couple of sentences) and a more in depth description of the skill (a paragraph) to describe the contents of the Flash Briefing. This will also appear in the Alexa skill catalog.

    Then I was asked if I planned to update the information daily or weekly. I chose to update the skill daily because people using the Flash Briefing function of Alexa expect the information to change from day to day. However, this means I was committed to searching for new exhibits to list every day.

    With the form complete, I clicked "Submit". It only took a few hours to get my "Antiquities Alive" Flash Briefing skill approved by Amazon.

    Now, I go into Storyline each morning, click on my "Live" skill and enter a post for that  day.

    After I had my first Flash Briefing skill, "Antiquities Alive," certified. I then began to think about other information I would like to get in my Flash Briefing. Many of us who study the ancient world like to hear quotes from ancient sources. So, I decided to create a new Flash Briefing skill that would enable Alexa to read an ancient quote to me each day - sort of like a classicist's daily vitamin pill. I knew that I could find quotes easily between the Internet Classics Archive, the Perseus Project, and the Guttenberg Project.

    So, I created a new Flash Briefing skill I called "Classic Moments Daily." Again I used a Google sheet to record the quotes I had selected along with the author, the work, and a link to the original source. This skill was also approved within a few hours.

    If you use Alexa's Flash Briefing feature, though, it can become overwhelming if you have too many broadcasts in your queue. I prefer to listen to my Flash Briefing while I'm doing my morning housekeeping chores like making the bed, folding clothes, etc. Although I started out with only a few broadcasts like NPR, the BBC, the weather and an "Alexa things to try" tip, my queue grew to the point where it is now twenty minutes long and I'm having to wait for it to finish before I move on to my next task. I now listen to my own skills, "Antiquities Alive" and "Classic Moments Daily" (to make sure they are functioning correctly) then I listen to a friend's skill "Today in America" which provides information about important people and events that occurred on the current day, then the "Archaeology Eureka Alert" which gives me news about new archaeological discoveries, "Daily Tech Headlines" and CNet Tech for tech news updates, Jimmy Fallon's Tonight Show monologue from the night before (for stress relief!), science and entertainment news updates, an AARP news update, the weather, and an "Alexa Things to Try" tip of the day.

    Someone in the Storyline discussion forum mentioned having the same problem and asked if developers would provide the same information in a regular skill that could be called separately so they didn't have to listen to their entire Flash Briefing over and over if you wanted to learn more about a particular topic.

    With this in mind, I decided to create a "sister" application to "Classic Moments Daily" and this month got approval for my new regular skill called "Classic Moments Rome" that can be called by itself if you want to listen to quotes from ancient Roman sources (a Greek sources version will be finished in a few more days).  When you ask Alexa to open "Classic Moments Rome" you will be able to hear an ancient quote along with the author's name and work quoted.  Then you will have the choice to say "Next" to listen to another quote, "Repeat" to hear the last quote again, or "Stop" if you've heard enough for the day. The quotes are stored in the same Google spreadsheet I created for Classic Moments Daily and pulled randomly by a program script so, usually, you won't hear the same quote twice in a row - especially since the database now includes almost 100 quotes. I also add new quotes daily if the new post to my Flash Briefing skill Classic Moments Daily is from a Roman source.

    I am pulling the quotes from original translations. However, since short passages are easier to listen to than long, rambling paragraphs, I sometimes include a name or context to make the quote understandable. For example, in a quote about Gaius Marius' dealings with the kings of Numidia and Mauretania, I provide additional information about each person mentioned in the quote besides just their name. Also, in a regular skill, I can include some sound effects and I have done that in some cases.

    I am also working on recreating virtual personalities from the ancient world that you will be able to converse with about their lives and respective cultures. The first will be published in June.

    If you don't have an Amazon Echo speaker, either a full sized one or a little Dot, don't despair! You can now talk to Alexa on your phone with the free Alexa app!

    0 0

    Details of how to apply are now available online. Closing date: 5pm BST, 10th August 2018

    0 0

     Last month I discussed a seizure by the Italian Carabinieri of antiquities from a Roman property developer who now faces prosecution for possessing illegally excavated works. But the Art Museum is, interestingly, taking this further perhaps on behalf of the beleaguered collector (?) (Cristina Ruiz, 'Top experts dispute Italian police claims about seized ‘antiquities’...' Art Newspaper 19th June 2018):
    When we sent this picture to five independent experts, all of them questioned the objects’ authenticity. Although the specialists said they could not offer a definitive opinion based on a photograph, all of them expressed grave doubts. 
    Four of these six (not five) specialists are unnamed, so it is not clear in what their specialism lies, one says he 'cannot imagine where a terracotta life-size horse head could come from in antiquity', a second decided the horse and a bull head were 'crude copies' and a third questions the value assigned to the seized artefacts, and in the case of the vase on the far right, 'The background colour is suspicious as well as the shape of the vessel. There are subtleties in where the handles are placed, the shape of the vessel as well as the foot, which are giving me pause for thought'. A fourth also  had suspicions about the two vases shown as well as the larger terracottas ('but they are good quality. As I understand it, the Italian forgers [are] some of the best'). 
    The London-based dealer Rupert Wace concurred. “The bull and horse heads do look dubious,” he said, adding that “the value suggested for the pieces in the photograph is preposterous, even if the objects are genuine”. [...] John Boardman, emeritus professor of classical archaeology at the University of Oxford, said: “The vases look more plausible than the rest, but who knows?”
    One thing they do not mention, to judge by the way they are propped up with grey boxes, neither the bull head nor the horsey one seem to have been mounted in the collector's original display. Why not?

    I think the newspaper is trying to limit the damage done to public opinion about the antiquities market by this sort of seizure, but instead with that 'who knows?', they've done another kind of damage. How can you trust a dealer's opinion if six specialists differ so much in their opinion based on the same evidence? How much of what a dealer claims about an artefact they are trying to sell is substantive information, and how much just guesswork and humbug?


    0 0

    A team of researchers from the University of Oxford, Texas A&M University and Stafford Research...

    0 0

    Newly added to Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis Online. There are 247 volumes of this series now online open access.   
    Bodi, Daniel (1991). The Book of Ezekiel and the Poem of Erra. Freiburg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Universitätsverlag / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
    Schenker, Adrian (1991). Text und Sinn im Alten Testament: Textgeschichtliche bibeltheologische Studien. Freiburg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Universitätsverlag / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
    Henninger, Joseph (1989). Arabica Varia: Aufsätze zur Kulturgeschichte Arabiens und seiner Randgeschichte. Freiburg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Universitätsverlag / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

    0 0

    The new Trismegistos texrelations API  has been released. The goal of this API is to connect different partner-projects working on the Antiquity. The API returns matching ids of inscriptions in extremely simple formats.

    You can find the API’s documentation at: and the endpoints at:

    0 0

    Naar aanleiding van de tentoonstelling ‘Sporen van Oorlog’ organiseert het In Flanders Fields Museum in Ieper op donderdag 21 juni een gespreksavond over de archeologie van de Eerste Wereldoorlog.

    18u Vrij bezoek aan de tentoonstelling Sporen van Oorlog.
    19u Gespreksavond met
    – Piet Chielens (moderator), In Flanders Fields Museum
    – Arnout Hauben, Productiehuis De Chinezen
    – Birger Stichelbaut, UGENT / In Flanders FIelds (CHAL)
    – Simon Verdegem, Archeologiebedrijf Ruben Willaert
    – Sam De Decker, Agentschap Onroerend Erfgoed
    de gespreksavond vindt plaats in het Museumcafé van het In Flanders Fields Museum. Inschrijven via (057 239 450). Inkom 5 euro (1 drankje inbegrepen), betalen aan de deur.

    0 0

    In het Teseum in Tongeren opende dit weekend de tentoonstelling ‘De kopten, een ander Egypte’. Prachtige tunica’s, indrukwekkend textiel, intrigerende gebruiksvoorwerpen als kammen, kruiken en mutsen … het zijn allemaal sporen van de rijke materiële cultuur en het vakmanschap van de kopten. De expo toont de geschiedenis van dit weinig gekende Egyptische volk en hun manier van leven.

    Egypte associeert men meestal met pyramides, mummies en hiërogliefen. Maar een andere cultuur die zich vanaf de 4de eeuw ontwikkelt, is deze van de kopten. Ze stellen zich graag voor als de laatste erfgenamen van de faraonische beschaving. Zo hebben de kopten zeker één aspect lang bewaard: de taal.

    De cultuur van de kopten, de christelijke Egyptenaren, was lange tijd ongekend voor het Westen. Sinds het einde van de 19de eeuw was er een grote fascinatie voor Egypte. Europa herontdekte het vergeten Egypte met een enorme belangstelling voor de kopten. Er werden ook indrukwekkende verzamelingen opgebouwd.

    Het Teseum krijgt de gelegenheid om de rijke collectie van the Phoebus Foundation uit te lenen. Maar liefst 80 objecten gaande van kledij, weefsels tot gereedschap vertellen ons meer over de ambacht van de kopten. De expo besteeds ook aandacht aan de mensen die de weefsels ooit droegen en de cultuur waarin ze leefden. Het publiek kan zich te goed doen aan koptische teksten, architectuurfragmenten, aardewerk en huishoudelijke voorwerpen uit het dagelijkse leven.

    De tentoonstelling loopt nog tot 2 december en maakt deel uit van het vaste museumparcours van Teseum. Meer info op

    0 0

    August 10, 2018

    "Applications are invited for a Visiting Fellowship with the ERC-funded Project Contexts of and Relations between Early Writing Systems (CREWS, grant no. 677758), which is based in the Faculty of Classics, University of Cambridge. A CREWS Visiting Fellowship may be held for up to three months and is intended to allow the holder to conduct a key piece of research on a theme in line with the Project’s main areas of research focus. The Fellowship does not carry a stipend or honorarium, but funding is provided to reimburse travel and accommodation expenses.

    Contact Name: 

    0 0

    Newly added to Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis, Series Archaeologica Online. There are 23 volumes of this series now online open access.
    Doumet, Claude (1992). Sceaux et cylindres orientaux: la collection Chiha. Fribourg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Éditions Universitaires / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
    Eichler, Seyyare; Haas, Volkert; Steudler, Daniel; Wäfler, Markus; Warburton, David (1985). Tall al-Ḥamīdīya 1: Vorbericht 1984. Freiburg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Universitätsverlag / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
    Kaelin, Oskar (2006). "Modell Ägypten" Adoption von Innovationen im Mesopotamien des 3. Jahrtausends v. Chr. Fribourg, Switzerland / Göttingen, Germany: Academic Press / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

    0 0

    Clovis Anzick childCOLLEGE STATION, TEXAS—The Billings Gazette reports that continued analysis of the remains of the so-called Anzick-1 child and the more than 100 antler and stone tools found near his grave in Montana has shown that they all date to the Clovis period, between 13,000 and 12,700 years ago. Discovered on the Anzick family property in 1968 during construction work, the body and the tools had all been covered with red ochre. Previous study of the remains indicated the child died some 12,700 years ago, but questioned whether the tools had been buried at the same time. Some scholars thought the antler artifacts may have been handed down over generations, thus accounting for their older dates. The new tests, conducted from samples retrieved before the remains were reburied in 2014, isolated the amino acid hydroxyproline from the human bones and the antler artifacts, in order to conduct a test that would not be affected by contamination with modern carbon. This time, both the human remains and the antler artifacts were dated to between 12,725 and 12,900 years old. “It’s reassuring,” said molecular biologist Sarah Anzick, whose parents own the property where the child was found. “It’s a Clovis burial.” For more on the Anzick burial, go to “First American Family Tree.”

    0 0

    Denmark Viking colorsCOPENHAGEN, DENMARK—Conservators Line Bregnhøi and Lars Holten of the National Museum of Denmark have reproduced the bold colors thought to have been used to decorate the largest Viking building known in Denmark, according to a Science Nordic report. The researchers analyzed samples of pigments taken from the remains of the building, known as the Royal Hall at Sagnlandet Lejre. “On the rare occasion that we excavate a piece of painted wood, the color looks nothing like the original,” explained archaeologist Henriette Syrach Lyngstrøm of the University of Copenhagen. Parts of the structure were painted with linseed oil paint, which was the most durable of the binding agents used by the Vikings, but they also used milk products and eggs as binders on other projects. For more, go to “The Viking Great Army.”

    0 0

    Jerusalem Arabic amuletJERUSALEM, ISRAEL—According to a Haaretzreport, a 1,000-year-old Islamic amulet has been found in one of the oldest areas of the city of Jerusalem. “Kareem trusts in Allah—Lord of the Worlds is Allah,” reads the amulet’s Arabic inscription. Yiftah Shalev of the Israel Antiquities Authority said the amulet would have been used to gain personal protection. It was recovered from between layers of plaster flooring in a poorly preserved structure, but it is not clear whether it was placed there as a talisman, or whether it was lost by its owner. “We found some foundation walls and floor tiles,” said Shalev. “It was a simple structure, possibly residential with some small industry.” Shalev explained that there may have been more of the small, clay amulets, but they have not survived. Similar dedications dating from the eighth through tenth centuries A.D. have been found along the Darb al-Haj, the pilgrimage route to Mecca. To read in-depth about an Umayyad desert castle in the vicinity of Jerusalem, go to “Expanding the Story.”