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Maia Atlantis: Ancient World Blogs -

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    The Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research (AASOR)

    Image result for AASOR

    In his blog Bill Carraher, incoming editor of the Annual of ASOR, is beginning to reflect on the past and future of the Annual. As a part of that, he has assembled links to open access (and some less open access) copies of the Annual. I am repeating his list here:
    The first 20-some volumes of AASOR are available for free download various places (with some obviously in the public domain):
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1919/1920, vol. 1 (jstorHathi TrustGoogle books).
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1921/1922, vol 2/3 (jstor)
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1922/1923, vol. 4 (jstorHathi
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1923/1924, vol. 5 (Hathi
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1924/1925, vol. 6 (Hathi Trust)
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1925/1926, vol. 7 (Hathi Trust)
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1926/1927, vol. 8 (Hathi
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1927/1928, vol. 9 (Hathi
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1927/1928, vol. 10 (Hathi
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1929/1930, vol. 11 (Hathi
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1930/1931, vol. 12 (Hathi
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1931/1932, vol. 13 (
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1933/1934, vol. 14 (
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1934/1935, vol. 15 (Hathi
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1935/1936, vol. 16 (Hathi
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1936/1937, vol. 17 (Hathi
    Explorations in Eastern Palestine, III, vol. 18/19 (Hathi
    Introduction to Hurrian, vol. 20 (Hathi Trust)
    The Excavation of Tell Beit Mirsim. Vol. III: The Iron Age 1941 – 1943, vol. 21/22 (Not Available)
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1943/1944, vol. 23 (Hathi Trust)
    The annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 1944/1945, vol. 24 (Hathi Trust
    After volume 24, things get a bit more irregular, with the exception of volume 32/33:
    The excavation at Herodian Jericho, 1951, vol. 32/33 (Hathi Trust)
    Things get better again, however, after volume 55:
    Preliminary excavation reports and other archaeological investigations : Tell Qarqur, Iron I sites in the North-Central highlands of Palestine, vol. 56 (Hathi Trust)
    Across the Anatolian plateau : readings in the archaeology of ancient Turkey, vol. 57 (Not Available)
    The Near East in the southwest : essays in honor of William G. Dever, vol. 58 (Hathi Trust)
    Results of the 2001 Kerak Plateau Early Bronze Age survey AND Two early alphabetic inscriptions from the Wadi el-Ḥôl: new evidence for the origin of the alphabet from the western desert of Egypt, vol. 59 (Hathi Trust)
    The archaeology of difference : gender, ethnicity, class and the “other” in antiquity : studies in honor of Eric M. Meyers, vol. 60/61 (Hathi Trust)
    The middle Bronze Age IIA cemetery at Gesher : final report, vol. 62 (Hathi Trust
    Views from Phlamoudhi, Cyprus, vol. 63 (Hathi Trust)
    The three most recent volumes (64, 65, and 68) are only available via Jstor with a subscription. All in all, 27 of the 66 published volumes are available for free download (and a few more can be viewed at Hathi Trust, but not downloaded). This is something that should be easy enough to sort out and it would be outstanding to try to get all 66 volumes of AASOR available for free download by 2020 (or at least those still not generating some income for ASOR).
    I am including it in AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies
    because, well, it is an annual, but it could just as easily have been included in
    AWOL's Alphabetical List of Open Access Monograph Series in Ancient Studies

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    A rare 9,000-year-old stone mask was recently unveiled by the Israel Antiquities Authority. This fascinating and rare stone mask, which dates to the Neolithic period, was discovered several months ago and is currently being studied by experts of the IAA and the Geological Survey of Israel. The 9,000-year-old stone mask discovered in the southern Hebron Hills area of the West Bank in early 2018  [Credit: Antiquities Theft...

    [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, other content, and more! ]]

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    Islamic Painted Page: A database of Islamic Arts of the Book

    [First posted in AMIR on  December 4, 2014, updated November 28, 2018]
    Welcome to the Islamic Painted Page database - a huge database of references for Persian paintings, Ottoman paintings, Arab paintings and Mughal paintings. This site enables you to locate printed reproductions, commentaries and weblinks for thousands of Islamic paintings, including illuminated "carpet" pages, decorated Quran pages, and book bindings from over 230 collections all over the world.

    You can also create your own account within the website, where you can bookmark specific searches, add your own notes for each item, and suggest corrections direct to the administrator. We warmly encourage you to provide feedback or make suggestions via the contact page so that we can improve the site

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    A close reading of three Latin legal cases shows how backward our current system of forensic science can be.

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    Harrappan (?) pot (Hansons)
    What is "responsible collecting" of portable antiquities? The BBC has a story today which indicates what it is not (BBC 'Derby man's car boot toothbrush holder is ancient pot' 28th November 2018 )
     A pot bought for £4 at a car boot sale and used as a toothbrush holder has turned out to be 4,000 years old. Karl Martin said he picked up the jar, featuring an antelope, at the market in Willington, Derbyshire, five years ago. The 49-year-old said he now "feels a bit guilty" for keeping the "genuine ancient antiquity" in his bathroom. Auctioneer James Brenchley said the Indus Valley Harappan civilisation jar, which sold for £80 at auction, was made in 1900 BC.
    Mr Martin, from Derby, works for Hansons Auctioneers, said:
    "I was helping to unload a van and noticed some pottery which was similar to my toothbrush pot. "The painting style looked the same and it had similar crudely-painted animal figures. [...] It's amazing, really. How it ended up at a south Derbyshire car boot sale, I'll never know."
    I think we can guess, this material started flooding European markets in recent decades, as one dealer rather too candidly admits (the webpage has gone, it seems, but is still cached):
    A great deal of pottery and many terracotta figurines, (and also countless numbers of fake terracota figurines!) , have come out of Balochistan provence and North West Pakistan near the Afghanistan border since the recent conflict there. Whether this material is truly of Indus Civilization "outpost" origin or is from autonomous civilizations is still something which is undecided. Similar material came out of this arera in the early and mid 1980s during the Soviet Afghanistan period of turmoil.
    There is every likelihood that if it's real, Mr Martin's pot was a conflict antiquity, and if so, it's got more than toothpaste marks on it, it'll have blood on it. That was why the previous buyer had no paperwork for it. It was as dodgy as you can get. So when he got rid of it, nobody would take it and it ended up in a car boot sale being flogged off for the price of a beer or two. But Mr Brenchley got rid of it for him, despite there being any evidence that it had been exported from Pakkistan or Afghanistan legally - and with the very strong probability that it had not. he also seems to have shifted a van-load of similar material. There are several British dealers selling pots and figurines very similar to this on eBay. To my eye, quite a lot of them are fake, which is possible evidence that the heavily-looted region has been almost looted out.

    We are going to get a lot more of this as collectors die, material will be either discarded by heirs or will be passed on without any papers (often because the collector kept none). A lot of them will be looted, a lot fake, but the whole lot is tainted. What should happen to it?

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    Neolithic stone maskJERUSALEM, ISRAEL—According to an AFP report, a rare, 9,000-year-old mask made of pink and yellow sandstone was found in the Pnei Hever region of the West Bank. “The last one that we know was found 35 years ago,” said archaeologist Ronit Lupu of the Israel Antiquities Authority. Stone masks have been linked to the rise of agriculture and an increase in ritual activities, such as ancestor worship, she added. To read about another, much more recent, mask discovered in the area, go to “Mask Metamorphosis.”

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    cave art constellationsEDINBURGH, SCOTLAND—Paleolithic cave art in Turkey, Spain, France, and Germany, may represent star constellations, according to a report. Martin Sweatman of the University of Edinburgh and his colleagues compared images in the caves, previously thought to be abstract animal symbols, with computer-estimated positions of the stars in the night sky at the time each cave’s artwork was made, based upon dating of the paints. They found that the abstract images may have been used as a method for keeping track of dates, Sweatman said, by noting the position of the stars in the night sky. This knowledge could also have been used to navigate the open seas, he added. Some of the images, such as the Lascaux Shaft Scene in France, which depicts a dying man and several animals, may even record comet strikes. For more, go to “The First Artists.”

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    "The Poor Man of Nippur" is a c. 3,000 year-old comic folk tale in Babylonian language. The main manuscript is a clay tablet from 701 BC found at the site of Sultantepe, in South-East Turkey. Recounted by a third-party narrator, it tells the story of the three-fold revenge which Gimil-Ninurta wreaks on the local Mayor after the latter wrongs him. The film version of this ancient text is a creation of Cambridge Assyriology, and (as far as we know) the world's first film in Babylonian. The film was acted by Assyriology students and other members of the Cambridge Mesopotamian community. Shooting locations were in several Cambridge Colleges, King's Parade, The British Museum, Flag Fen Archaeological Park, and countryside near Grantchester. The project was funded by The Philological Society, The Thriplow Charitable Trust, The Judith Wilson Fund, The CHW Johns Fund for Assyriology, St John's College, Trinity College, The Henry Sweet Society for the History of Linguistic Ideas, and The London Centre for the Ancient Near East. Find out more about ancient Mesopotamia and Cambridge Assyriology at:

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    [First posted in AWOL 21 December 2017, updated 28 November 2018]

    Seleucid Coins Online (SCO) v,2
    In January, 2018, the American Numismatic Society launched Seleucid Coins Online. At the time it was announced that the development of Seleucid Coins Online (SCO) would take place in two parts in imitation of the print volumes, Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalogue by Arthur Houghton, Catharine Lorber, and Oliver Hoover, published in two parts in 2002 and 2008 by the American Numismatic Society and Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. The first part, by Houghton and Lorber, presented and interpreted all the numismatic material for Seleucus I to Antiochus III known up to 2002. The second part, by Houghton, Lorber, and Hoover, did the same for the Seleucid kings from Seleucus IV to Antiochus XIII. In total, more than 2,491 primary coin types were published in these volumes. 
    This current version of SCO (v.2), launched in November, 2018, completes the type corpus incorporating material related to Seleucid Coins, Part I, covering the reigns from Seleucus I to Antiochus III (c. 320–187 BC), and the material in Part II covering the reigns from Seleucus IV to Antiochus XIII (187–64 BC) as well as the posthumous Roman imitations (63–14/13 BC). Note that the numbering system of SCO now corresponds fully to the print publications; the numbering system used in SCO v.1 has been deprecated.
    As part of the National Endowment of the Humanities funded Hellenistic Royal Coinages project, Seleucid Coins Online (SCO) is a new research tool that will provide wide access to the coins listed in the print volumes of Seleucid Coins—not only the entries in the main catalogue, but also pieces presented separately in the appendices (e.g., plated issues, non-Seleucid coins bearing Seleucid countermarks, etc.). While the Seleucid coins in the ANS collection (some 5,129 pieces) serve as the core of the searchable catalogue, all types in the original publications will be included in the database, ultimately with links to coins (many of which are unique) in the Bibliothèque nationale de France, the British Museum, the Munzkabinett der Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, and other public and private collections. When necessary, entries in the catalogue will provide corrections to descriptions and interpretation with explanatory commentary by Oliver Hoover. Links to relevant bibliography in DONUM, the ANS online library catalogue, and eventually to articles are envisioned for the future in order to make Seleucid Coins Online virtually a one-stop research tool for Seleucid numismatics.
    Seleucid Coins Online will also stand at the cutting edge of the discipline through the inclusion of new coin types and varieties that have been recorded since 2008. Previously unknown material has been appearing at a rate of about 100 coins per year and there is no indication that the flow is likely to stop anytime soon. Seleucid Coins Online will be the only place where researchers can keep track of such new coins comprehensively and the expanding picture of Seleucid economic, political, and art history that they reveal. Frequent updates to the website will permit users to find and learn about new material almost at the rate at which it is discovered, thereby making Seleucid Coins Online the most up-to-date catalogue available to
    students of Seleucid coinage.

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    Maps, GIS Data, and Archaeological Data for Corinth and Greece

    We present this collection of modern and historical maps, GIS data, and resource links for archaeologists, novice cartographers, and experienced GIS users. Original material, redistributed copies, and modified versions are offered under Creative Commons licensing. Feel free to copy, share, remix, transform, and build upon the maps and data as long as the source and changes are documented and they remain free. Download links may be found for both high resolution TIF images and Shapefiles covering the Corinthia and beyond. Those who wish to finish the readymade maps with an image editor like Photoshop may click the links beneath each thumbnail map. Others with GIS skills to construct their own dynamic maps should see the GIS Data section. Sources for the data as well as other good open data resources are further down the page.

    Readymade High-res Basemaps with Layers (click links to download)

    Peloponnese, Attica, and Southwestern Aegean(1:1,000,000)
    Attica and the Northeastern Peloponnese
    Corinthia (1:250,000)
    Bioitia (1:333,333)
    Crete (1:750,000)
    Attica (1:250,000)
    *see the GIS data section for Greece for the data sources.
    Creative Commons License
    Corinth Archaeological Data and Basemaps by American School of Classical Studies at Athens are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  


    GIS Data

    The archaeological data, basemap, shapefiles, and optional layer files (see bottom of page for use of layer files) can be downloaded and assembled into a dynamic map using GIS software. The Corinth material is our work. It is followed by redistributed copies and modified versions of regional data with sources noted.


    Corinth archaeological data: cover the Corinthia, the ancient city of Corinth, or the central archaeological site (WGS 84, zone 34N). We will add to these shapefiles when possible.
    • City walls: line shapefile for the Classical and LR city walls.
    • Monuments: these are non-adjacent overlapping polygons circumscribed around the subject with place/monument names attached.
    • Sites: point file with archaeological sites and few museums in the Corinthia. Also in Google Earth KMZ.
    • Central archaeological area, ca. 325 B.C.E: line file plan of the monuments of the main site just before the construction of the South Stoa.
    • Peirene state plan: new topographical survey of the Peirene Fountain completed in 2006.  Dangerous and unsurveyed areas were supplemented by Hill's drawings.
    • Classical houses: Buildings I-IV were resurveyed for Corinth VII.6
    • Underground water system: new survey data used to 'rubbersheet' Hill's plan of the Peirene underground tunnels.
    • Sacred caves: a group of ten caves (points) in the Corinthia and beyond, assembled from various sources noted in the data.
    • Surface geology with layer file: polygon shapefile of central portion of the Corinthia.
    Corinth orthophotos, DEMs, and other products: produced from low level aerial photos in Agisoft Photoscan.
    Corinth Archaeological Site, Scale 5cm pixels, UTM zone 34N
    Peirene, Scale 5mm pixels, UTM zone 34N
    Korakou, UTM zone 34N
    Historical maps of the Corinthia: These raster images are rubberheeted and georeferenced to modern control points in UTM, zone 34N. Each zipped file contains a TIF and a TFW world file.
    Francesco Morosini map of central Corinthia, 1687: 720Mb, Dated on Christmas day several months after his army made it's "fortunate shot" destroying the Ottoman powder magazine (the Parthenon) during the seige of Athens. It was drawn with south oriented to the top and split over six linen sheets. In this file it is reoriented north to the top and reassembled in one image before georeferencing. Ancient features, contemporary buildings and roads, fountains and springs, fortifications and towers, and topographic features are highlighted on this map. The area to the east of the Isthmus still has quite a bit of distortion.
    Pierre Peytier map of Ancient Corinth, 1829: 122Mb, a small but accurate survey by the Morea Expedition shows that the lines of many roads in the village remain unchanged.

    Greece shapefiles with optional layer files: Coverage is the entire country or greater (various UTM). Sources and versions noted below. The layer files are optional, created by us, to enrich the visualization of the data.
    Basemap, contours, and ASTER DEM: Coverage is 36-39 degrees latitude and 20-26 degrees longitude. ASTER GDEM is a product of METI and NASA. Bathymetry derived from EMODnet data
    •,118 Mb and, 326 Mb: intended as a backdrop for the shapefiles on this page. The file is a zipped GeoTiff with a world file (.tfw) generated from the DEM below with naturally colored visualization (similar to the color maps at the top of the page) based on elevation, slope, and hillshade to provide a pleasant and informative background for other data. It retains the resolution of the original data which is nominally 1 arc-second or about 30 m per pixel, though actually less.
    • Contour lines at 50 m interval and Layer File: lines generated from DEM, 15Mb
    • Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and Layer File: raster, 88Mb.  Mosaic from 1 degree x 1 degree DEMs.
    • The European Environment Agency also has some very nice 1 arcsec (~30m) base maps derived from SRTM and ASTER GDEM.
    •, 929 Mb, from EMODnet data.
    *Note that the rivers and place name data may seem repetitive but each dataset has strengths and weaknesses.
    *Greek names encoded with ISO 88597 and may not display properly in ArcGIS. Default encoding for ESRI must be set on Windows via "regedit" as per this ESRI support page.

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  • 11/28/18--19:00: Site Housekeeping
  • We’re looking toward 2019 and have exciting plans for the future of First up is the addition of a few more contributors to the site. In conjunction to that, we’re considering adding a Hebrew language corner, though the primary focus will continue to be Greek. We’re hopefully going to have more book reviews We... Continue Reading →

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    PLEVEN, BULGARIA—Archaeology in Bulgaria reports that inmates discovered two pots filled with silver coins dating to the Ottoman Empire on the grounds of Pleven Prison, which is located in northern Bulgaria. The more than 7,000 akces, weighing more than 18 pounds in all, are thought to have been buried in the nineteenth century. Archaeologist Vladimir Naydenov said the coins are of different face values and were issued at different times, indicating that they were probably collected over a period of many years. No signs of Ottoman structures have been uncovered in the area where the treasure was found. To read about another large coin hoard, found on the British Channel island of Jersey, go to “Ka-Ching!

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    Sparkling soundtrack and naff opening sequence on this one:

    "It's Basically Drain Cleaners an' My Girlfren's Peroxide hair stuff, I make a mixture wiv it" and don't forget the warm soapy wa'er (that's probably non-ionic detergent, innit?). Plonk 'em in and they start to fizz.

    He's hoping he can spend the evening with his chemically stripped copper alloy coin  'finding the story behind it' and in a cupple of munfs time its gonna be dark culler and won' be shiny and wiv a patina. (In the comments is the suggestion that 'For speeding up the patination of the shiny cleaned coins you can use original Palmolive dishwashing detergent'). Note that the coins in the tray are not accompanied by any kind of labelling indicating the ten-figure grid reference of the findspot of each artefact removed from the archaeological record by this drab-voiced detectorist.

    The vessel mount/escutcheon seems not to be in the PAS database - so what hope is there that any of the other finds are?

    UPDATE  29th November 2018
    Interestingly, the two comments this text has received so far concentrate, both of which focus entirely on the way I attempted to render this gentleman's manner of speech as a written text. Neither of these commenters did us the courtesy of supplying their names, yet we can say something about who they are by the way they construct their remarks, wonky punctuation, lack of capitalisation and all. These are not just typos. I think we can guess looking at those two brief texts that we are looking at the words of metal detectorists, many of whom do tend to write in that manner (as one can see on their forums), despite having gone through school but failing to pick up the rudiments of articulate formulation and transmission of ideas. 

    My two anonymous critics say I am 'bullying' the man through this text. This is 'Durham-talk' of course. But I am interested in what they do not say. This text is actually about a bloke who actually films himself and gives a running commentary to boot on how he chemically strips ancient objects with a home-made mixture of unknown (and apparently uncontrolledly variable) composition made of drain cleaners (!) and 'my girlfriend's peroxide'. From what we see we can assume that the chemicals that infused the metal core during the stripping were neither neutralised chemically (because: how?) nor removed. They remain in those objects, which - by the speaker's own admission - are not chemically stable, because he says they change colour. Now, I as an archaeologist am very worried by this type of behaviour. I put it up here as a warning shot across the bows of all my colleagues who see 'detectorists' as doing a beneficial job ('saving heritage' and 'finding stuff for us'). Many of them are doing harm to the archaeological record by removing evidence willy-nilly and some of them are doing immense harm - as here - to the objects they are 'curating'. Saved from 'the plough and agrichemicals' and then endangered by being immersed in drain cleaner? OK, I admit I thought I was being a little unfair pulling out this one lost sheep who'd obviously never read anything about how to care responsibly for the heavily corroded archaeological objects he finds, but perhaps I am not. For 'UnknownTekkie 1' and 'UnknownTekkie 2', the issue is not dunking ancient objects in a corrosive chemical broth at all, it's the way Mr Barford wrote about it. I think the fact thatb these two comments appeared within an hour of each other suggests that out there in the twilight zone of the Internet is a tekkie-forum where somone is fulminating about the way 'that prat Barford treated are M8' and I bet a bottle of Polish beer that until 6:41 in the morning on Thursday (so now), there is not a single comment in that thread on 'yes, but our fellow 'responsible detectorists' is showing himself destroying ancient objects and Mr Barford is right to draw attention to this'. Is there?

    And before somebody says it, this blog is about collectors, not for them. In Britain, there's the PAS and no end of collaborative archaeologists for that.

    As it happens, I am doing a lot of work at the moment professionally with conservators. They do not speak like 'Mr Coin Dunker', they quote philosophy and Cesare Brandi and talk about ketones and such stuff. They'd make mincemeat out of 'MrCoinDunker'. Conservation here in Poland is a specialised course of study that, in the institution with which I am currently collaborating, lasts five years of full-time study and supervised practical experience. There are thick books to read, exams to pass. But only after that can they independently start work with ancient objects. I am sure many educated people are aware of the degree of knowledge and experience being a conservator involves if they are not to do more harm than good, and I am sure most of them would realise that this is something to either leave up to experts (the advice of the PAS) or something to gain an education in by something less damaging to the heritage than 'trial and error'. From the manner in which he talks about what he is doing to the ancient objects in his 'care', I think it a fair assumption that 'MrCoinDunker' does not have that kind of education. Yet he goes public to show is in bald toe-curling clarity where that lack of education leads. 

    While I am not, in general a fan of the NCMD 'Code of Practice' (which has not a word about not using drain cleaners on your finds) I think artefact hunters might usefully pay attention to principle 9 "Remember that when you are out with your metal detector you are an ambassador for our hobby. Do nothing that might give it a bad name". That probably refers nowadays much more to when they write something on a forum or make videos. These have a greater reach than what a passer-by or two can see a bloke do in the middle of a field. I would suggest that it would be worthwhile rewording that,
    "do nothing that can be used by critics of Collection-Driven Exploitation of the archaeological record to challenge efforts of the compliant and complacent British archaeological community to build a good name for us in the public eye".  
    Because that is what this blog is about.  A vast number of the people that are so glibly labelled by the heritage establishment 'citizen archaeologists' and 'partners' and who archaeologists suggest are gathering 'archaeological data' for them are in fact doing none of these things. British archaeology wilfully shuts its eyes to that and that is a policy that in my mind is worthy of critique and, yes, ridicule. How else are the lone critics to get the message across to a wider public when the archaeological establishment fails so miserably to step up and do that and even shout them down?

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    trieris (f. pl. trieres)

    A trireme (a warship with three levels of rowers). Nep., Alc. 4.3; CIL VI, 1063. [Goldsworthy 2003]

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    tropaeum (n. pl. tropaea)

    Trophy, usually consisting at the least of a tree adorned with a cuirass and helmet, but usually also other equipment (Tac., Ann. 2.18); T. Traiani: a large stone monument at Adamclisi (Romania) set up to commemorate Trajan’s victory in the Dacian Wars (after which a nearby town was named) (CIL III, 14433). [Goldsworthy 2003]

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    trulla (f. pl. trullae Mod.)

    The term preferred by some scholars for what had previously been identified as a patera. See also patera [Goldsworthy 2003]

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    Bank of England's scenarios under a "disorderly" Brexit:
    Britain's GDP drops 8%• House prices plunge 30%• Commercial property falls 48%• Pound slides 25%, beneath $1• Unemployment rises to 7.5%• Inflation accelerates to 6.5%

    I think we may legitimately add: Heritage spending slashed and PAS collapses.

    At the moment, the only thing that legitimises Collection-Driven Exploitation of the archaeological record in England and Wales is the existence of the PAS (which is why tsome want to introduce one in other places such as Ireland). If the PAS collapses, some 27000 grabby metal detectorists are left without a leg to stand on. That is karma, because their texts on UK forums suggest that 90% of them voted to leave the EU.

    But of course who needs 'expert opinions' on the efects of Brexiting? Clive (65) from Chigwell is sure everything will be OK, once Brussels stops telling him what to do.

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  • 11/28/18--01:51: Talking Walls
  • Aedilitian Inscriptions in the Iberian Peninsula and the Mediterranean

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  • 11/28/18--05:20: Job Advertisement
  • on the ERC LatinNow project

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    November 29, 2018 17.00 - LECTURE Κώστας Βλασόπουλος (Επίκουρος Καθηγητής Αρχαίας Ελληνικής Ιστορίας, Πανεπιστήμιο Κρήτης)

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