Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.001.8921
Articles on this Page
- 12/27/18--11:42: _Was 2018 The 'Year ...
- 12/27/18--12:04: _Open Access Journal...
- 12/27/18--12:08: _Open Access Journal...
- 12/27/18--12:35: _The Annals of Eutyc...
- 12/27/18--12:59: _Metal Detectorists ...
- 12/27/18--13:00: _The Annals of Eutyc...
- 12/27/18--18:27: _Georgia within the ...
- 12/27/18--22:39: _Quelques catalogues...
- 12/28/18--02:15: _The Gospel as Jesus...
- 12/28/18--04:55: _New titles on Roman...
- 12/28/18--05:02: _"Knocked them Silly?"
- 12/28/18--05:49: _Friday Varia and Qu...
- 12/28/18--06:20: _Some recent Dissert...
- 12/28/18--08:07: _Moses the fugitive ...
- 12/28/18--08:15: _"Finds Gone Astray"
- 12/28/18--08:27: _Huqoq looters dig h...
- 12/28/18--08:35: _More on Wimpfheimer...
- 12/28/18--09:03: _This Napoleonic Sol...
- 12/28/18--18:59: _Hidden Carvings Rev...
- 12/21/18--10:52: _Maya Research Progr...
- 12/27/18--11:42: Was 2018 The 'Year Of Pompeii'?
- 12/27/18--12:04: Open Access Journal: Kelsey Museum Newsletter
- 12/27/18--22:39: Quelques catalogues de monnaies antiques du nord de la mer Noire
- 12/28/18--02:15: The Gospel as Jesus’ Exaltation
- 12/28/18--04:55: New titles on Roman religion in 2018
- 12/28/18--05:02: "Knocked them Silly?"
- 12/28/18--05:49: Friday Varia and Quick Hits
- TAG 2019: Slow Archaeology (CFP).
- They’ll pay you to live on… Antikythera.
- (An)Archaeology Zine.
- Database of Classical Scholars.
- Katalymata ton Plakoton on Cyprus.
- A Guide to Pitching Your Book at Conferences.
- Archaeology of Strikes and Revolution.
- Rome in Ruins.
- The sounds of Greece (H/t to Matt Baumann!).
- Free Mars!
- Creepy video game archaeology of an abandoned cult.
- What they took with them.
- MSG and Xenophobia (H/t to Dimitri Nakassis).
- What I’m reading: M. P. Leone and J.E. Knauff, Historical Archaeologies of Capitalism. Second Edition (2015).
- What I’m listening to: Oliver Nelson, The Blues and the Abstract Truth, and Afro/American Sketches.
- 12/28/18--06:20: Some recent Dissertations from the University of California
- Peer Reviewed
- Peer Reviewed
- Peer Reviewed
- Peer Reviewed
- Peer Reviewed
- Peer Reviewed
- 1 supplemental PDF
- 12/28/18--08:07: Moses the fugitive hero
- 12/28/18--08:15: "Finds Gone Astray"
- 12/28/18--08:27: Huqoq looters dig holes, are foiled.
- 12/28/18--08:35: More on Wimpfheimer, The Talmud: A Biography
- 12/28/18--18:59: Hidden Carvings Revealed at Scotland’s Dunkeld Cathedral
An impressive series of finds throughout the year coupled with 21st century technological advances made 2018 a great time for Roman archaeology.
[First posted in AWOL 1 November 2010. Updated 237December 2018]
Kelsey Museum Newsletter
The Kelsey Museum is the brainchild of Francis W. Kelsey, Professor of Latin at the University of Michigan from 1889 to 1927. Kelsey pursued an active program of collecting antiquities for use in teaching, and launched the first university-sponsored archaeological excavations in the Mediterranean and Near Eastern regions in 1924. Most of the artifacts in the Kelsey Museum come from excavations carried out in Egypt and Iraq in the 1920s and 1930s.
In 1928, shortly after Kelsey’s death, the Museum of Classical Archaeology was installed in Newberry Hall on State Street. It was renamed in honor of Professor Kelsey in 1953, and enlarged with the construction of the William Upjohn Exhibit Wing in 2009. In addition to conserving and exhibiting its collections, the Museum still sponsors field projects in countries around the Mediterranean (although the artifacts recovered in those excavations now all remain in their countries of origin), and it plays a vital role in undergraduate and graduate teaching and research.
[First posted in AWOL 19 February 2016, updated 27 December 2018]
Electrum: Studia z Historii Starożytnej / Journal of Ancient History
Electrum has been published since 1997 by the Department of Ancient History at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow as a collection of papers and monographs. In 2010 it starts as journal with one issue per year.
Journal publishes scholarly papers embodying studies in history and culture of Greece, Rome and Near East from the beginning of the First Millennium BC to about AD 400. Contributions are written in English, German, French and Italian. The journal publishes books reviews.
ELECTRUM, 2018, Volume 25, s. 9–12
Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.001.8921ELECTRUM, 2018, Volume 25, s. 13–26
Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.002.8922ELECTRUM, 2018, Volume 25, s. 27–46
Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.003.8923
The Numismatic Production of Antiochos IV: Tool of Diplomacy or Legitimacy? A Quantifying Approach of Hoard EvidenceELECTRUM, 2018, Volume 25, s. 47–72
Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.004.8924ELECTRUM, 2018, Volume 25, s. 73–83
Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.005.8925
Friendship and Alliance’ between the Judaeans under Judas Maccabee and the Romans (1Macc 8: 17–32): A Response to Linda Zollschan’s Rome and JudaeaELECTRUM, 2018, Volume 25, s. 85–125
Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.006.8926ELECTRUM, 2018, Volume 25, s. 127–145
Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.007.8927
C. Iulius Caesar und Hyrkanus II. Überlegungen zur chronologischen Abfolge der Dokumente bei Flavius Josephus ant. 14,10,2–10 (190–222) und ant. 14,8,5 (145–148)ELECTRUM, 2018, Volume 25, s. 147–185
Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.008.8928ELECTRUM, 2018, Volume 25, s. 187–208
Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.009.8929
Zwischenstaatlichkeit und Herrscherideal in militärisch-politischen Sachbüchern. Ein komparatistischer Versuch über Sūn Zǐ, Kauṭilya, Aineias Taktikos und MachiavelliELECTRUM, 2018, Volume 25, s. 209–241
Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.010.8930
Hilmar Klinkott, Norbert Kramer (Hgg.), Zwischen Assur und Athen – Altorientalisches in den Historien Herodots, (SpielRäume – 9), Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 2017, S. 243, ISBN 978-3515117432ELECTRUM, 2018, Volume 25, s. 245–247
Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.011.8931
Alireza Askari Chaverdi, Pierfrancesco Callieri, Persepolis West (Fars, Iran): Report on the Field Work Carried out by the Iranian-Italian Joint Archaeological Mission in 2008–2009: From Palace to Town – 2 (BAR International Series 2870), BAR Publishing, Oxford 2017, 293 pp., 97 fi gures, 73 graphs, 14 tables, ISBN 978-1-4073-1608-6ELECTRUM, 2018, Volume 25, s. 249–250
Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.012.8932
Pierre Briant, Kings, Countries, Peoples: Selected Studies on the Achaemenid Empire, translated by Amélie Kuhrt (Oriens et Occidens 26), Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 2017, 633 pp., 25 fi g., ISBN 978-3-515-11628-2ELECTRUM, 2018, Volume 25, s. 249–250
Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.013.8933
Katell Berthelot, In Search of the Promised Land? The Hasmonean Dynasty Between Biblical Models and Hellenistic Diplomacy (Journal of Ancient Judaism. Supplements – 24), Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen–Bristol, CT 2018, 494 pp., 2 maps, ISSN 2198-1361; ISBN 978-3-525-55252-0ELECTRUM, 2018, Volume 25, s. 253–256
Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.014.8934
Pierangelo Buongiorno, Annarosa Gallo, Salvatore Marino (eds.), Edoardo Volterra, Senatus Consulta (Acta Senatus, Reihe B: Studien und Materialen, Bd. 1), Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 2017, 212 pp., ISBN 978-3-515-11370-0; Sebastian Lohsse, Salvatore Marino, Pierangelo Buongiorno (eds.), Texte wiederherstellen, Kontexte rekonstruieren. Internationale Tagung über Methoden zur Erstellung einer Palingenesie, Münster, 23.–24. April 2015 (Acta Senatus, Reihe B: Studien und Materialen, Bd. 2), Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 2017, 192 pp., ISBN 978-3-515-11725-8ELECTRUM, 2018, Volume 25, s. 257–260PEŁNY TEKST:
Data publikacji online: 6 grudnia 2018DOI 10.4467/20800909EL.18.015.8935
Time to get back to Eutychius… This is more Old Testament stuff: Joshua. The invasion of the Israelites into Canaan is depicted in rather similar language to the Muslim invasion, doubtless intentionally.
6. After the death of Moses, there took command of the people Yūshā‘ (29), son of Nūn, and held it for thirty-one years. After crossing the Jordan, he besieged Rīha (30) for seven days. On the seventh day, the sons of Israel blew the trumpets around the city of Rīha with loud clamor. By the vehemence of their cries and the sounds of their trumpets the city walls collapsed and all the men, children and women who were in the city were killed. After conquering Rīha, he celebrated the passover in the desert of Rīha. Then he sent his army against the city of ‘Ānī (31) and to Bayt II (32) to have news of the city. But the inhabitants of ‘Ānī moved against them and killed thirty-six of Yūshā‘’s men. Then Yūsha‘ sent an army of thirty thousand men against the city of ‘Ānī. Yūsha‘, son of Nūn, followed the soldiers secretly. The king of ‘Ānī went out with his men against the soldiers of Yūsha‘. The sons of Israel engaged them in a long pursuit until they had moved away from the city. Yūsha‘, then, with his men broke into the city of ‘Ānī, destroyed it and burned it, killing all the men and women who were there. Then he chased the king of ‘Ānī, killed his men, took the king alive and ordered him killed by making his body hang on a cross. Yashū‘ then went up with his soldiers to the mountains of Canaan. In the desert the sons of Israel had stopped practicing circumcision, but when they occupied the territories of the Jordan and surrounding regions and mingled with their peoples, God ordered Yashū‘, son of Nūn, to prepare knives and circumcise the sons of Israel with them. He did as God had ordered. There is an Ethiopian tribe, the Buğāhs (33), who still practice it today. He then wrote for the sons of Israel the second law with his blessings and curses (34).
7. When the king of Gī‘ūn (35) heard of Yūsha‘, he wrote to him asking him to make a covenant with him and sent him many gifts. Yūsha‘ granted him his protection and confirmed him in his charge. When the king of Ūrashalīm, named Nīsādūq, the king of Gibrūn, the king of Yarmūth, the king of Lākhīs and the king of ‘Aqlūn (36) understood that the king of Gī‘ūn had put himself under the protection of Yūsha‘, son of Nun, they gathered, moved against the city of Gī‘ūn and besieged it. The king of Gī‘ūn wrote to Yūsha‘, son of Nūn, informing him of the fact. Yūsha‘ gathered an army, went out to fight them and defeated them. [The kings] sheltered in the cities of ‘Arīqā and Mafīdā (37). God rained hail stones on them that killed them. The sun remained motionless for Yūsha‘, son of Nūn, without moving to the east or west, until God gave him victory over them and the five kings fled into the cave of a mountain where they hid (38). Yūsha‘ took them out of the cave, killed them and had their bodies hung up. Then Yūsha‘ left the city of Mafīdā and went to the city of Libna (39). He besieged it, took it and killed the king and all who were there. From the city of Libna he marched against the city of Lākhīs, conquered it and killed the king and all who were there.
8. When the king of Ghazza became aware of the fact that Yūsha‘ had besieged the city of Lākhīs, he went out with his soldiers to help the king of Lāhīsh against Yūsha‘, son of Nūn. But Yūsha‘ won the victory over him and killed him along with his men. From Lāhīsh Yūsha‘ went to the city of Aqlūn, laid siege to it, conquered it and killed the king along with all the inhabitants. Then he marched against the city of Hibrun, besieged it, took it and killed the king and all who were there. Then he went out against the city of Dibīr (40), besieged it, conquered it and killed the king and all who were there. When Yābīn, king of Hāsūr (41), heard these things, he sent messengers to the king of Marūn (42), to the king of Shimrūn (43) to the king of Akhshāf (44), to the king of Saydā (45), to the king of ar-Rāma, ai Muwābiyyūn, the Harrāniyyūn, the Awābiyyūn, ai Qarrāriyyūn, ai Yābūsāniyyūn, ai Sanābiyyūn (46) and all the inhabitants of the sea coast to gather together. The kings and all their men gathered and there were so many that they were as numerous as sand. Then they went out to fight Yūsha‘, son of Nūn, who moved against them and routed them, killed them and set fire to their tents, and cut the hocks of their beasts and they were all pierced with the sword as far as the city of Mārūn (47) and Saydā, without anyone finding a way out. Then he took the kings and killed them. The kings that Yūsha‘, son of Nūn, killed occupying the territories were altogether thirty-five: the king of the Sanābiyyūn, the king of the Muwābiyyūn, the king of the Kan‘āniyyūn, the king of the Qarrāriyyūn, the king of the Yābūsāniyyūn, the king of the Awāniyyūn, the king of the Girsāniyyūn, the king of Ūrashalīm, the king of ‘Ānī, the king of Sābā (48), which is in the vicinity of Bayt Īl, the king of Hibrūn, the king of Yarmūt, the king of Lākhīsh, the king of ‘Adūlām (49), the king of Gadar (50), the king of Dabīr , the king of Hāsīr (51), the king of Hurmā (52), the king of ‘Arād (53), the king of Libnā, the king of Lālām, the king of Abdād, the king of Hāfir (54), the king of Fīq (55), the king of Sadūm (56), the king of Shimrūn (57), the king of Barmūth (58), the king of Hafīr (59), the king of Qadas (60), the king of Rāhib, the king of Mardūth, the king of Sīqūm, the king of Bātindūn (61), the king of Ğabal al-Ğalīl (62) and the king of Kirsā (63), who were exactly thirty-five (64). Yūsha‘ fought for six years against kings and nations until he conquered and governed the countries.
9. Later he divided the territories and countries among the sons of Israel for fourteen years, and he ruled the people for eleven years in peace and quiet. In his day there prophesied Il‘āzar, son of Harūn, and Finhās, son of Il‘āzār, son of Harūn. Yūsha‘, son of Nūn, died at the age of one hundred and ten years and was buried in the mountains of Ğal’ād (65) together with the flint knives which he used to circumcise the sons of Israel in Ğalğal (66). After the death of Yūsha‘, son of Nūn, the people were administered by the priest Finhās, son of Il‘āzār, son of Harūn. He was priest for twenty-five years. The Jews believe that the aforementioned Finhās, the priest, is the prophet Iliyā, whom the Arabs call al-Khidr (67).
In England Baz Thugwit wanders where he wants, digging up coins from archaeological sites and walking off with them. The current total of 889,304 records on the PAS database refer to a large part coins from their private collections (Total quantity: 680,143). In other countries, heritage professionals treat the archaeological record with more respect. In Israel the Antiquities police (nota bene) have managed to stop the theft of ancient coins from an ancient site by metal detectorists who had dug holes to find the coins, damaging the site. (Yvette J. Deane Antiquities police stop theft of ancient coins', Jerusalem Post December 27, 2018)
Israel Antiquities Authority, JNF and Border Police stopped a band of thieves from stealing ancient coins from the Hukuk Synagogue archeological site in northern Israel on Thursday. "A quick response prevented damage to the magnificent and important treasures of the site," Nir Distelfeld, the antiquities theft inspector, said. "Damage to an antiquities site constitutes a serious offense punishable by five years' imprisonment. " The suspects dug holes to find the coins, damaging the site.Conservation-averse UK artefact hunters, spoilt by the PAS, and indignantly playing the victim say 'This is an astonishing breech (sic) of freedom and Human Rights. If this kind of repression was aimed at the gay community, ethnic minorities, or say the disabled, there would rightly be uproar. It must stop…NOW!'.
Let’s carry on from where we left off in September 19, 2016, when last we looked at Chapter 1. All of this material is derived from the Old Testament, albeit with some imaginative reworking, and it is of no historical value except as indicating how people in the Muslim world thought about this narrative in the 10th century AD.
2. Shīt was two hundred and five years old when Anūsh was born. After Adam’s death, Shīt’s family separated themselves from the family of Cain, the accursed one. Shīt took his first-born Anūsh, Qīnān, son of Anūsh, and Mahlali’il, son of Qīnān, along with their women and their children and made them climb to the top of the mountain, where Adam was buried. Cain and all his sons remained in the place where Abel was killed (9). Shīt’s sons lived on that mountain, pure and holy, and they heard the voices of the angels because they were close to them and they glorified and praised God together with the angels. Therefore they, together with their women and their children, were called children of God. They did not work, they did not sow, they did not reap. They only fed on the fruits of the trees. There was no envy among them, nor injustice, nor lies. And when they swore an oath they used to say: “No, for the blood of Abel”. They went to the top of the holy mountain every day and prostrated themselves before God by invoking blessings on the body of Adam. When Shīt felt death approaching, he made his sons swear on the blood of Abel that none of them would ever come down from that holy mountain nor would they allow any of their children to come down among the sons of Cain, the accursed one. Shīt lived in all nine hundred and twelve years. Anūsh had Qīnān at the age of one hundred and ninety years. In his time the sons of Cain, the accursed, made drums, cymbals, lyres and harps. They were the first to work iron and copper and all that could be obtained, and they finally made tents in which they lived.
3. Anūsh was three hundred years old when Cain was killed, the accursed son of Adam and murderer of his brother Abel. It happened that Lāmikh, the seventh descendant of Cain and a shepherd, shot a dart, as a game, that struck his grandfather Cain killing him. Cain had continued to roam the woods, because he was a wanderer, never stopping in one place. Cain died at the age of nine hundred and thirty years. Anūsh lived in all nine hundred and five years. Qīnān had had Mahlali’il at the age of one hundred and seventy years. Feeling close to death, Qīnān called Mahlali’īl to himself and made him swear by the blood of Abel that he would not allow any of his sons to come down among the sons of Cain, the accursed. Qīnān lived in all nine hundred and ten years.
4. Mahalali’īl had Yārid at one hundred and sixty-five years. Qīnān died when Mahlali’il was one hundred and thirty-five years old, and was buried in the Cave of the Treasures. When Mahlali’īl felt close to death, he called to his son Yārid and made him swear by the blood of Abel that he would not allow any of his sons to come down from the mountain among the sons of the murderer Cain, the accursed one. Mahlali’il lived in all eight hundred and ninety-five years. Yārid had, at one hundred and sixty-two years, Akhnūkh.
Of the sons of the murderer Cain, the men behaved like stallions and whinnied after the women. The women, in turn, were no better and behaved shamelessly like the men. They fornicated and committed adultery among themselves, in front of everyone, in the open, and two or three men had the same woman together. The elders were more libidinous than the young, fathers lay with their daughters and their sons with their mothers. The children did not know who their fathers were, nor did the fathers know who their children were. They played every kind of musical instrument and the echo of their cries and their games reached the top of the holy mountain. On hearing their cries, a hundred men among the sons of Shīt met together with the intention of descending from the mountain among the sons of Cain, the accursed one. Yārid exhorted them to swear on the blood of Abel that they would never come down from the holy mountain, but they did not receive his words and went down. When they were down, they saw the daughters of Cain with beautiful faces, naked and without any modesty, and were seized with burning lust. The daughters of Cain looked at them, they saw that they were beautiful and gigantic and they fell on them like beasts, soiling their bodies. Thus it was that Shīt’s sons perished, fornicating with the daughters of Cain. From their union with the sons of Shīt, the daughters of Cain, the accursed, gave birth to the giants (10). In the Torah it is said that the sons of God, also called sons of Elohīm, when they saw that the daughters of Cain were beautiful, descended to live among them and the giants were born. They are therefore mistaken and do not know the truth, those who assert that the angels have descended among the daughters of Adam. They were instead, the sons of Shīt, come down from the holy mountain among the daughters of Cain, the accursed, because the sons of Shīt, both for their purity and because they lived on the holy mountain, were called sons of Elohīm, that is children of God. As for those who claim that the angels have descended among the daughters of men, well they are in error, because the substance of the angels is a simple substance and by their nature they cannot have sexual relations. Man, on the other hand, is a compound substance and by his nature can have sexual relations, as is the case with animals. If the angels could have sex they would not have left any woman among the daughters of the man without contaminating her. When the sons of Shīt, who had come down from the mountain among the daughters of Cain, the accursed, wanted to return to the holy mountain, the rocks of the mountain became like fire and it was not possible for them to return to the mountain. Later, group by group, [others also] came down from the holy mountain among the daughters of Cain, the accursed one
Dundua, T. (2013) : Georgia within the European Integration. Graeco-Roman World, Byzantine Commonwealth, Orthodox Alliance and the Georgians, Tbilisi. L’auteur a publié en anglais plusieurs recueils de ces articles qui sont tous regroupés dans cet ouvrage. Il reprend pour l’Antiquité … Lire la suite
Le site de l’Université des Finances du gouvernement de la Fédération de Russie met en ligne sur son site quelques classiques russes de la numismatique ancienne et plus récente. Pour l’Antiquité, il y a notamment des ouvrages sur les monnaies … Lire la suite
There was some fascinating discussion a while back of the idea that what early Christians proclaimed as good news was not that Jesus died for forgiveness of sins, or that the end-of-time resurrection had begun, so much as that Jesus had been exalted to God’s right hand and installed as God’s vice-regent. Andrew Perriman blogged […]
As every year, I collected again the major works published on Roman religion in the last year. Similarily to the previous years, the number of recently produced works are increasing. In less than a year, around 40 books were published and I’m sure I missed some titles (you can comment below some important works I forgot to mention).
The most important work on Roman religion published in 2018 was the paradigmatic work of Jörg Rüpke, who wrote a new history of Roman religion. The book – published originally in German – was translated in English and Italian too. The Lived Ancient Religion project finished last year produced numerous important works focusing on Roman prayer, Isiac cults, funerary religion and Roman sanctuaries in provincial context. Many other works are in preparation which means, we will see a lot of new books on Roman religion in 2019 too!
You can find the list of the latest works on Roman religion since 2013 HERE.
I'll just leave this here ( Orhan Coskun, Lesley Wroughton, 'Syrian surprise: How Trump's phone call changed the war' Reuters ):
On a visit to a U.S. air base in Iraq this week, Trump said that military commanders had repeatedly requested extensions for the 2,000 U.S. troops in Syria - requests that he finally turned down because he said Islamic State was largely beaten. “We’ve knocked them silly. I will tell you I’ve had some very good talks with President Erdogan who wants to knock them out also, and he’ll do it,” he told American troops.We'll come back to it, I'm sure. Mr Trump's childlike lack of grasp of the realities here too is worrying.
It’s almost the end of the year, it’s -1 here in North Dakotaland, and the Archaeology of the Mediterranean World team is more or less comfortable by the fire.
I have a pretty good feeling about 2019 and some ideas rattling around in my head that could be pretty fun, kind of interesting, and, if nothing else, neat.
If nothing else, there’s a pretty great list of works entering the public domain on January 1, 2019 including J.B. Bury’s A History of the Later Roman Empire from the Death of Theodosius I to the Death of Justinian. And Freud’s The Ego and the Id.
If these don’t tickle your fancy, maybe there’s something else in this list of quick hits and varia:
Mr. Caraher, tear down this wall!
Some recent Dissertations from the University of California
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3D technology is allowing archaeologists to virtually dissect injured skulls and reconstruct faces.
PERTHSHIRE, SCOTLAND—According to a report in the Daily Record, conservationists inspecting a fifteenth-century tomb at Dunkeld Cathedral found stone carvings that had been hidden from view for some 600 years. The tomb, built in 1420 for Bishop Cardeny, is thought to have originally been placed in a freestanding location, and later moved and placed against a wall. Colin Muir of Historic Environment Scotland said the conservation team does not yet know why the tomb was moved. “Conservation works to protect the fabric of the tomb are currently being planned, and we hope to undertake further investigation of what may lie behind it,” he said. As part of the investigation, the researchers recorded the carvings with 3-D photogrammetric technology and created a model of the tomb. To read about a recent discovery relating to early Christianity in Scotland, go to “Fit for a Saint.”